The sea lamprey: Vampire of the Great Lakes Northland's News Center (7/11) Lurking in the waters of the Great Lakes is a parasite that forever
changed the native ecosystem. The saw-toothed suckers were introduced into
the Great Lakes over a century ago.
Controlling the Sea Lamprey population WLUC TV6 - Negaunee, MI (6/3) In a collaborative effort between many groups across the Great Lakes States and even Canada, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service attempts to stop the sea lampreys increase their numbers.
Sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) are predaceous, eel-like fish native to the coastal regions of both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. They entered the Great Lakes through the Welland Canal about 1921. They contributed greatly to the decline of whitefish and lake trout in the Great Lakes. Since 1956, the governments of the United States and Canada, working jointly through the Great Lakes Fishery Commission, have implemented a successful sea lamprey control program.
This series of pictures shows a close-up of a lamprey's mouth, lampreys attached to a lake trout, and the damage resulting from a lamprey attack.
Photo Credit: 1 and 4: Great Lakes Sea Grant Network Exotic Species Graphics Library; 2: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; 3: Great Lakes Fishery Commission. For more photos, see the Sea Lamprey Fishtank.
Petromyzon marinus U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Nonindigenous occurrences, means of introduction, and impact of the Sea Lamprey.
Sea Lamprey University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute This fact sheet gives a brief description of the sea lamprey.
Sea Lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) Sea Grant Nonindigenous Species Site (SGNIS) Includes scientifically reviewed articles as well as images from Sea Grant researchers.
Sea Lamprey Control Program Great Lakes Fishery Commission The GLFC's program of integrated sea lamprey management includes lampricide control, construction of barriers in streams to deny sea lampreys' entry, and an experimental program to reduce spawning success by releasing sterilized-male sea lampreys. The program has successfully allowed the re-emergence of the largest freshwater fishery in the world.
Sea Lamprey Factsheet U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Great Lakes Science Center Outlines the impacts of Sea Lamprey populations in the Great Lakes, research and treatments to protect native fish populations.