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  Soil Erosion and Sedimentation
in the Great Lakes Region

What's New | Upcoming Events | General Resources | Education & Training | Materials | Manuals | Maps | Related Resources

Models: Agricultural | Erosion | Other | Soil | Water/Watershed/Stormwater

 
What's New
Several Cayuga County homes in danger of falling into Lake Ontario
WSTM-TV, Syracuse New York (5/26)
Time is running out all along Lake Ontario in central New York. Groundwater draining out of the lake-side hill causes soil to erode. The dirt slides down the hill and is taken away by the powerful currents of Lake Ontario.

Major erosion affects Sheboygan Co. shoreline
WISN-TV - Milwaukee, WI (5/5)
A steep drop-off in Sheboygan County, Wisc., used to be someone's backyard and now it is one example of erosion along Lake Michigan.

COMMENTARY: Georgian Bay water drop: Where did the water go?
Peterborough This Week (4/2)
In the middle Great Lakes, water levels have been dropping steadily over the course of only a few generations and they show no sign of stopping, but if sills are successfully installed, things could get better.

Court records show other manure runoffs near Lake Michigan
Door County Advocate (12/7)
Wet conditions this fall were partially to blame for recent manure runoff citations in Door County, Wisconsin, according to the county Soil and Water Conservation Department.

Yacht club seeks grant to spruce up waterfront
Niagara Gazette (10/14)
The Niagara River Yacht club in North Tonawanda, N.Y., is attempting to secure grant funding for an overhaul of its prime waterfront property with a blueprint to fix an eroding shoreline, add native wildlife and install a bike path stopover near its clubhouse.

Watching the beach slip, slidiní away
The Hamilton Spectator (7/22)
Home owners near Hamilton, Ont., along a stretch of Lake Ontario known as Stony Creek Beach, can only watch as erosion eats away at their shoreline.

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Upcoming Events
November 7, 2014
14th Annual Great Lakes Water Conference
Toledo, OH
Are we protecting our water resources or are we engaging in regulatory overreach, threatening shipping, and stifling an energy boom? How do we prevent recurrence of the crisis that deprived half a million persons in the Toledo area of drinking water this August? These questions will be among those addressed by panels of experts at the 14th annual Great Lakes Water Conference on Friday, November 7 at the University of Toledo College of Law. The conference is sponsored by the College of Law and its Legal Institute of the Great Lakes.
Phone: 419.530.5597

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General Resources
Dredging Projects
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Great Lakes Regional Headquarters
This site explains the dredging process and links to sites with more Great Lakes dredging information.

Great Lakes Dredging Team
The GLDT is a partnership of federal and state agencies created to assure that the dredging throughout the Great Lakes is conducted in a timely and cost-effective manner while meeting environmental protection, restoration and enhancement goals.

Great Lakes Tributary Modeling Program
A cooperative initiative of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Great Lakes Regional Headquarters) and the Great Lakes Commission to develop sediment transport models for tributaries to the Great Lakes that discharge to federal navigation channels or Areas of Concern.

Illinois Soil Survey
Natural Resources Conservation Service-Illinois
This site provides a status report of the state's soil survey, data from the State Soil Geographic (STATSGO) database, plus fact sheets and more.

International Erosion Control Association
The IECA is a non-profit, member organization that provides education, resource information and business opportunities for professionals in the erosion and sediment control industry.

Lake Erie Center
University of Toledo
The University of Toledo's Lake Erie Center is an interdisciplinary center dedicated to environmental research.

Lake Michigan Potential Damages Study
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Detroit District
An extensive and long-term assessment of potential shoreline damages over the next 50 years due to fluctuating lake levels along the Lake Michigan shoreline (started in 1996).

Low Cost Shore Protection
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Detroit District
Learn about low cost methods to protect shoreline from erosion, including vegetation, perched beaches, breakwaters and beach fill.

Natural Resources Conservation Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
The NRCS works with landowners on private lands to conserve natural resources. The nation's 3,000 conservation districts, virtually one in every county, are the heart of the conservation delivery system.

Ohio Lake Erie Buffer Program
Ohio Lake Erie Buffer Team
Initiated to tackle the soil erosion and sedimentation problem in the Lake Erie watershed, the program provides opportunity for both government and private agencies to work together in improving the Lake Erie ecosystem.

Sediment
Environment Canada's Freshwater Web
Includes effects of sediment, how sediment is sampled and case studies.

Shore Protection and Restoration
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Great Lakes Regional Headquarters

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Education & Training
American Distance Education Consortium (ADEC)
An international consortium of state and land grant institutions providing IT to economic distance education programs.

Catalog of Capacity-Building Tools: Available to the Conservation Partnership
NACD Pacific Region Office
NACD District Operations Committee


Conservation Leadership Network
A strategic alliance of non-governmental and governmental partners. The Network's goal is to create a conservation leadership curriculum that expands the knowledge and skills of conservation professionals. Managed by The Conservation Fund.

Know Your Watershed: Introduction to Water Quality
Conservation Technology Information Center (CTIC)
This self-paced course is designed to teach the fundamentals for reducing pollution from agricultural nonpoint sources. Materials include 2 videos, 12 modules of printed instruction, and 2 reference manuals. Web-based testing. Participants have 90 days to complete the work once enrolled.

Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials (NEMO)
NEMO uses innovative techniques and GIS to teach local officials about the sources and impacts of nonpoint source (NPS) pollution, how different land uses affect water quality, and what towns can do to protect water quality.

USEPA Watershed Academy
US EPA
Provides web-based training and information on implementing watershed approaches to federal, state, tribal, and local officials, as well as private practitioners of watershed management.

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Materials
Conservation Technology Information Center (CTIC)
EPA Environmental Education Center
A collection of fact sheets, brochures, and web pages that you can use to explain environmental issues. These resources offer basic and clear information to assist you in teaching your students about the environment.

Information on Nonpoint Source Pollution for Students and Educators
US EPA
Provides fact sheets on nonpoint source pollution and information about nonpoint source pollution prevention for students and educators.

Linking Land Use to Water Quality workshop
Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials (NEMO)
The Linking Land Use to Water Quality workshop addresses the relationship of land use to natural resource protection with an emphasis on water quality.

Model Ordinances to Protect Local Resources
US EPA
This website contains printable and "create-your-own" ordinances and links on: aquatic buffers, erosion and sediment control, open space development, storm water control operation and maintenance, illicit discharges, post construction runoff, and source water protection.

National Agriculture Library
1 of 4 National Libraries in the United States, the NAL is part of USDA's ARS and a major international source for agriculture and related information.

NRCS Soil classification information
Provides information on soil taxonomy, official series descriptions, soil classification and series names, and images and maps.

Soil Education
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
Provides information about soil, resource materials for K - 16 for teachers and students, and links to various groups and societies active in soil education.

Stormwater Strategies: Community Responses to Runoff Pollution
Natural Resources Defense Council
This study highlights some of the most effective and efficient watershed and municipal examples of nonpoint source and storm water control programs and activities in the US. By example, communities can use these case studies in developing and implementing their own runoff control programs. (May 1999)

Watershed Protection Techniques
Center for Watershed Protection, Silver Spring, MD
A periodic bulletin on urban watershed restoration and protection tools including runoff management practices or BMPs. Contains often-cited technical notes that describe, compare, and evaluate urban controls as well as the effects of runoff both with and without controls.

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Manuals
60 Ways Farmers Can Protect Surface Water
U. of Illinois College of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service
Topics include residue management, water flow control, nutrient management, livestock waste handling, and pesticide management. (1993)

Agricultural Waste Management Field Handbook
NRCS
Excellent technical information, worksheets, and planning guidance for dealing with waste management problems. Specific issues include animal wastes, dead animals, Agricultural Waste Management Plans and Waste Utilization Plans, with information on surface and ground water concerns.

Core4 Conservation Practices: The common sense approach to natural resource conservation (PDF)
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
This reference manual is intended to help implement effective programs on the land using four core conservation practices: conservation tillage, nutrient management, pest management, and conservation buffers.

Guidance Specifying Management Measures for Sources of Nonpoint Pollution in Coastal Waters
US EPA
Technical guidance and reference document for use by state, local, and tribal managers in the implementation of nonpoint source pollution management programs in coastal waters.

Land Resource Regions and Major Land Resource Areas of the US
USGS
USDA Agriculture Handbook 296. 156 pages.

National Handbook of Conservation Practices
NRCS
Contains all NRCS conservation practice standards on: nutrient management, conservation tillage, erosion control, irrigation, grazing, etc.

National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Agriculture
US EPA
This final draft technical guidance and reference document is for use by State, local, and tribal managers in the implementation of agricultural nonpoint source pollution management programs.

National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Forestry
US EPA
Draft guidance intended to provide technical assistance to state, local, and tribal program managers and others on the best available, economically achievable means of reducing forestry-related nonpoint source pollution of surface and ground water.

National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Urban Areas
US EPA
Draft technical guidance and reference document for use by state, local, and tribal managers in the implementation of nonpoint source pollution management programs. It contains information on the best available, economically achievable means of reducing urban pollution of surface and ground water.

Natural Resource Conservation Service General Handbook
NRCS Irrigation Guide
NRCS Soil Survey Handbook
NRCS Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual
NRCS Water Quality Indicators Guide
Available for purchase at Amazon.com.

Rapid Watershed Planning Handbook
The Center for Watershed Protection
Written to assist watershed associations and local governments in developing effective and low cost watershed protection plans. Emphasizes resource identification, evaluation, and planning. (1998)

Stream Corridor Restoration: Principles, Processes, and Practices
Federal Interagency Stream Restoration Working Group (FISRWG)
GPO Item No. 0120-A; SuDocs No. A 57.6/2:EN 3/PT.653. ISBN-0-934213-59-3

Water Quality Indicators Guide
NRCS
Used to conduct in-stream and receiving water body biological assessments to determine if sediment, agri-chemicals, animal waste, or other considerations are negatively impacting a particular body of water or watercourse. Can aid in identifying which areas within the watershed are contributing to a detected problem. Available for purchase at Amazon.com.

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Maps
Digital Orthophoto Quadrangles (DOQs)
USGS
Computer-generated images of aerial photographs in which image displacement caused by terrain relief and camera tilts has been removed. Image characteristics of a photograph are combined with the geometric qualities of a map. Also available through any Earth Science Information Center (ESIC). DOQ coverage is not available for all areas in the United States.

Map Unit Interpretation Database (MUIR)
NRCS
Data should be used in conjunction with soil survey maps. The soil survey maps indicate the geographic location and extent of the soil map units within the soil survey area. MUIR data is intended to be used by landowners, county and local governments, and other natural resource managers for basic land use planning. It is not intended to be used for site-specific land use suitability determinations.

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Models: Agricultural
AGNPS Output Processor Model
Agricultural Non-Point Source Pollution Model (AGNPS)
USDA-ARS
Computer program designed to evaluate non point source pollution from agricultural watersheds. Outputs related to soluble nitrogen and phosphorus for surface water and infiltration are provided. Sediment yield and runoff are calculated, and sediment transported nitrogen and phosphorus are determined. Nutrient concentrations from feedlots and other point sources and chemical oxygen demand are modeled.

Animal Waste Management (AWM)
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
Planning/design tool for animal feeding operations that can be used to estimate the production of manure, bedding, process water and determine the size of storage/treatment facilities.

Annualized Agricultural Non-Point Source Pollution Model
Ann AGNPS is a annualized multi event modification of AGNPS.

Crop Parameter Intelligent Database System (CPIDS)
A computer program providing information on many different crops. This information has been obtained from literature searches, field studies, and through the collective experience of agronomists, horticulturists, and growers. CPIDS also assists the user in creating Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) or RUSLE (Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation) input parameters for crops which may not normally be parameterized for these erosion models.

Groundwater Loading Effects of Agricultural Management Systems (GLEAMS)
USDA-ARS
This field scale model evaluates potential pesticide leaching below the root zone, pesticide movement with surface runoff, and sediment losses from a field. Evaluates management systems and does not provide an absolute prediction of pollutant loading.

Nitrate Leaching and Economic Analysis Package (NLEAP)
USDA-ARS
A computer model for field scale assessment of potential nitrate N leaching. Basic information concerning farm management practices, soils, and climate are translated into projected N budgets and nitrate N leaching indices.

Riparian Ecosystem Management Model (REMM)
A computer simulation model, used to simulate hydrology, nutrient dynamics and plant growth for land areas between the edge of fields and a water body. Output from REMM will allow designers to develop buffer systems to help control non-point source pollution.

Stream Network Temperature Model (SNTEMP)
SNTEMP predicts the minimum, maximum, and average daily water temperatures throughout a stream network.

Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP)
USDA-ARS
This computer model uses current water erosion prediction technology. Includes a field scale version for single field planning and a proposed watershed version for project planning. Outputs will provide information on runoff, the form of sediment loss from a field, and the sediment characteristics.

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Models: Erosion
Better Assessment Science Integrating point and Nonpoint Sources (BASINS)
This multipurpose environmental analysis software performs watershed and water quality based studies. Quickly assess large amounts of point source and nonpoint source data in a format that is easy to use and understand by integrating a geographic information system (GIS), national watershed and meteorological data, and state-of-the-art environmental assessment and modeling tools into one convenient package. For local, state and regional agencies.

Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE)
Michigan State University
An easily and widely used computer program that estimates rates of soil erosion caused by rainfall and associated overland flow.

Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation 2 (RUSLE2)
Like RUSLE, this program predicts long-term, average-annual erosion by water for broad range of farming, conservation, mining, construction, and forestry uses. Its object-oriented, Windows interface allows dramatic scientific and graphical advances.

Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE)
A manual calculation procedure used to determine erosion rates at the end of a slope and provide an indication of the extent and location of sediment sources. Rates cannot be correlated directly with sediment delivery.

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Models: Other
PLANTS Database
USDA
This database provides singularly standardized information about plants, focusing on vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories.

Register of Ecological Models (REM)
Meta-database for existing mathematical models in ecology.

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Models: Soil
Online Soil Surveys
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
Soil maps and interpretations that give technical assistance to farmers and ranchers in guiding decisions about soil selection, use, and management; research planning; and research results dissemination. Also used in educational programs about soil use and conservation.

Soil-Pesticide Interaction Screening Procedure (SPISP)
Provides a method for determining the relative leaching and runoff potential for most pesticide and soil/side combinations. SPISP uses soils interpretations and the NRCS/ARS/CRS selected properties database. Ratings can provide a basis for planning pest management. Closely related to NPURG.

Soil-Plant-Atmosphere-Water (SPAW)
USDA-ARS
This computer moisture balance model emphasizes soil moisture capability for a variety of methods for irrigation scheduling and nitrogen budgeting.

Soils Survey Geographic (SSURGO)
NRCS
Field mapping methods using US national standards have been used to construct the soil maps in this database. (Must register to download.)

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Models: Water/Watershed/Stormwater
National Stormwater BMP Database
Contains information on the effectiveness of urban BMPs in removing pollutants from urban runoff. Only studies which conform to established protocols are entered into the database.

Simulator for Water Resources in Rural Basins - Water Quality (SWRRBWQ)
This computer model predicts the effect of management decisions on water, sediment, nutrient and pesticide yields at the sub basin or basin outlet. Outputs related to nutrients, pesticides, and sediment are provided. The model tracks the fate of pesticides and phosphorus from land to deposition in water bodies.

SWAT
USDA-ARS
This computer model predicts the effect of management decisions on water, sediment, nutrients, and pesticides yields in large ungaged river basins. Utilizes SWRRBWQ technology enhanced with reach routing and capability to subdivide into more than 100 sub basins.

TR-20
This physically based watershed scale runoff event model computes direct runoff and develops hydrographs resulting from any synthetic or natural rainstorm. Developed hydrographs are routed through stream and valley reaches as well as through reservoirs. Hydrographs are combined from tributaries with those on the main stream stem. Branching flow (diversions), and baseflow can also be accommodated.

TR-55
This model presents simplified procedures to calculate storm runoff volume, peak rate of discharge, hydrographs, and storage volumes required for floodwater reservoirs. These procedures are applicable to small watersheds— especially urbanizing watersheds—in the US.

Watershed Assessment, Tracking & Environmental Results (WATERS)
This database unites water quality information previously available only from several independent and unconnected databases.

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Related Resources
GLIN: Agencies and Organizations, Agriculture
GLIN: Agencies and Organizations, Air and Land
GLIN: Contaminated Sediments in the Great Lakes Region
GLIN: Land Use in the Great Lakes Region
GLIN: Watersheds in the Great Lakes Region

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