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Drinking water Recreational water Fish consumption Lake by lake Other issues Resources and references

Glossary of technical terms
    that appear in the LaMPs

Acronyms | Words and definitions

Words
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Octachlorostyrene (OCS)

A toxic substance and critical pollutant that is a by-product of high temperature industrial processes involving chlorine. Like dioxin, OCS is not produced intentionally. Release to the environment occurs in effluent from chlorine and gas production, aluminum smelting, and other metal production. OCS has been found in leachate from industrial landfills and fly ash from waste incinerators.

Oligotrophic

The state of a poorly-nourished, unproductive lake that is commonly oxygen rich and low in turbidity. Relatively low amounts of nutrients (phosphorus and nitrogen) in the water column. Refers to an unproductive, nutrient poor lake that typically has very clear water.

Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (OFAH)

An Ontario conservation organization that promotes sustainable use of natural resources by providing boater education programs on exotic species, fish, wildlife, forestry research and management, and timber management policy.

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR)

This provincial agency is responsible for management of Canadian waters of the Great Lakes to help sustain a healthy ecosystem. Responsibilities of the OMNR include: coordinating resource planning with other entities; protecting and enhancing biological resources; managing fish harvest; protecting and rehabilitating habitat and fish communities; enforcing legislation; increasing public awareness of exotic species through educational programming; and monitoring ecosystem health through assessment and research programs.

Omnivorous fish

Any fish, such as carp, that eat both plants and animals and are tolerant of poor water conditions.

Ordinary High Water Mark (OHW)

The elevation marking the highest water level which has been maintained for a sufficient time to leave evidence upon the landscape. Generally, it is the point where the natural vegetation changes from predominately aquatic to upland species. For streams, the OHW is generally the top of the bank of the channel. The OHW is generally the elevation from which building and sewage setbacks are measured. OHWL means the ordinary high water level.

Organic Chemicals

Nearly all of the millions of compounds that contain carbon atoms are organic chemicals. More than 90% of all known compounds are organic. The few carbon compounds that are not considered organic include carbon dioxide and bicarbonate. Hydrocarbons like methane are simple organic chemicals that contain only hydrogen and carbon. Other organic chemicals include most pesticides and chemicals based on benzene.

Organochlorines

A class of chemicals that contain chlorine, carbon, and hydrocarbon. Generally refers to pesticides and herbicides that can be toxic. Examples include PCBs and pesticides such as DDT and dieldrin.

Outfall

The location or structure where wastewater or drainage empties into the surface water from a sewer, drain, or other conduit.

Outstanding International Resource Waters (OIRW)

This proposed designation by the Binational Program and the Great Lakes Initiative would protect the entire Lake Superior basin from new or expanded point source discharges of persistent toxic substances.

Outstanding National Resource Waters (ONRW)

This proposed designation contained in the Clean Water Act Reauthorization would establish special areas within the Lake Michigan basin where new or expanded point source discharges of persistent toxic substances would be prohibited as part of the Great Lakes Initiative.

Ozone

A pollutant formed in the lower atmosphere by the reaction of nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons in sunlight, commonly called smog, for which National Ambient Air Quality Standards have been established. Ozone is also found naturally in the upper atmosphere where it acts as a protective filter, screening out ultra-violet rays.

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Other Great Lakes Glossaries


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