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E-M:/ Request from NRDC

Enviro-Mich message from asagady@sojourn.com

Felice Stadler of NRDC wanted me to redistribute
this notice to Michigan Environmentalists.   It 
again urges action because of Rep. Fred Upton
and mentions that Michigan is one of only 5 states
to vote against long range air pollution transport
controls on nitrogen oxide emissions.


     Greenwire quote of the day (6-20-97):
     "Who does she think she is?  Joan of Arc?" 
      -- White House Council on Environmental Quality Chair Katie
     McGinty, reportedly speaking to environmental lobbyists about US
     EPA Administrator Carol Browner and her resistance to
     compromising on the agency's proposed air-quality standards. 
     1-202-456-6224, OR FAX 1-202-456-2710
     Fred Upton (Michigan): 202-225-3761 fax: 202-225-4986
     Ron Klink (Pennsylvania): 202-225-2565 fax: 202-226-2274
     Rick Boucher (Virginia): 202-225-3861 fax: 202-225-0442
          Some analysts are predicting that Pres. Clinton may make the
     final decision on the US EPA's proposed air-quality standards "to
     try to shield [VP Al] Gore from environmentalists' ire" (Ronald
     Shafer, Wall Street Journal, 6/20).  Preliminary White House
     talks on the standards have produced "no clear recommendation,
     [and] it now seems Clinton will sort through the arguments
     himself, a player says" (National Journal, 6/21 issue). 
          "In a new twist," White House Chief of Staff Erskine Bowles
     is recusing himself from the admin.'s deliberations because the
     North Carolina county where his wife owns a textile business
     could be affected by tougher standards.  
          Both Clinton and Gore will address this weekend's meeting of
     the US Conference of Mayors, "where the standards are sure to be
     a major topic" (Bill Nichols, USA Today, 6/20). 
          Some White House officials are reportedly "angry" about EPA
     Administrator Carol Browner's refusal to compromise on the
     standards.  White House Council on Environmental Quality Chair
     Katie McGinty, reportedly speaking to a pair of environmental
     lobbyists:  "Who does she think she is?  Joan of Arc?" (Shafer,
     Wall Street Journal).
          AFL-CIO Pres. John Sweeney this week wrote Sierra Club Exec.
     Dir. Carl Pope to tell him that member unions are divided over
     the US EPA's proposed air-quality standards, preventing the labor
     federation from taking a position on them.  
          While some unions, such as the United Mine Workers of
     America and building trades, have staked out a position against
     the standards, others such as the United Steelworkers of America
     support them, CongressDaily/A.M. reports.
          Meanwhile, House Commerce Oversight and Investigations
     Subcmte. ranking Democrat Ron Klink (D-PA) and Reps. Fred Upton
     (R-MI) and Rick Boucher (D-VA) yesterday introduced legislation
     that would delay the new standards for five years while more
     research is done.  
          And on 6/18, a coalition of business groups wrote Clinton,
     expressing "unqualified opposition" to the standards.  Signed by
     the US Chamber of Commerce, the American Trucking Assn. and some
     30 other business groups, the letter said the "EPA's own analysis
     proves that many family-owned, family-run operations will be
     affected" both directly and indirectly by the standards
     (CongressDaily/A.M., 6/20).  
     OTAG says: "it's power plants, diesels, and cars!"
     June 20, 1997
     32 U.S. states agree to fight smog
     After two years of studying pollution flows across the eastern 
     half of the United States, 32 states Thursday agreed that they all 
     needed to take steps to help combat smog in cities with the 
     dirtiest air.
     The agreement clears the way for EPA to tell states that they not 
     only have to curb emissions to clean their own air but also to 
     assist neighboring states.
     "The problem that we've been facing here and for the first time 
     have really come up with a way to address is the fact that 
     individual states really don't have the ability to control most of 
     the sources of pollution that are affecting their air quality," 
     said EPA Assistant Administrator Mary Nichols.
     As a result, the agency could force Ohio and West Virginia, for 
     example, to trim their smog-forming emissions to help Pittsburgh 
     in nearby Pennsylvania meet federal ozone limits. 
     Nichols said based on the recommendations overwhelmingly approved 
     by the Ozone Transport Assessment Group, which included 37 states 
     and the District of Columbia, EPA this September will ask states 
     to lay out their plans to curb smog. States will then have one 
     year to respond.
     The ozone group, assembled by EPA two years ago, found that in 
     general pollution traveled longer distances, sometimes as much as 
     500 miles, in the northern half of the 37 states than in the 
     south, where emissions drifted about 150 miles.
     After looking at pollution from power plants, cars, and industrial 
     sources, the group found that the cheapest way to curb 
     smog-forming emissions was to target power plants.
     The most significant recommendation called for power plants to be 
     required to cut their emissions of nitrogen oxides by 50 to 85 
     percent from projected levels for 2007.
     To ensure that utilities did not bear an unfair burden, the ozone 
     group called for other large industrial plants to curb their 
     emissions of nitrogen oxides by 55 to 70 percent. 
     The group also encouraged more areas to use cleaner, reformulated 
     gasoline, which is already required in cities with the dirtiest 
     air, asked EPA to consider stricter standards for diesel fuel, and 
     encouraged car companies to build new low emission vehicles.
     "What we're talking about is controls on power plants and other 
     sources which will ultimately cost millions of dollars but will 
     also achieve benefits for close to 50 million people who breath 
     air that isn't currently healthy," Nichols said in an interview 
     after the ozone group's final meeting.
     She said the recommendations should help all states meet current 
     ozone standards as well as stricter standards that EPA is 
     proposing for after 2000.
     Five states -- Virginia, West Virginia, Michigan, Alabama, and 
     Kentucky -- opposed the final report, but said they might change 
     their votes after reviewing it. 
     Northeastern states and green groups, which have long argued that 
     pollution from the Midwest was aggravating ozone problems in the 
     Northeast, hailed the outcome of the two-year project. 
     "It would be tragic if EPA did not rapidly follow this up by 
     imposing very stringent pollution controls throughout the (ozone 
     group) region," said David Wooley, executive director of the 
     Mid-Atlantic Energy Group.
     Ohio's EPA director Don Schregardus said that his state would be 
     working with Indiana and Kentucky to study their smog effects on 
     Cincinnati, while at the same time Ohio would have to consider 
     curbing its emissions to help Pittsburgh.
     He was more skeptical about Ohio's impact on cities like New York 
     and Boston. "Right now, we certainly believe we have a much 
     smaller impact in cities such as New York and Boston, because 
     those are hundreds of miles from Ohio's borders," he said. 

Alex J. Sagady & Associates        Email:  asagady@sojourn.com
Environmental Consulting and Database Systems
PO Box 39  East Lansing, MI  48826-0039  
(517) 332-6971 (voice); (517) 332-8987 (fax)

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