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E-M:/ USGS - Pesticide National Synthesis Project 1992 Annual Use
- Subject: E-M:/ USGS - Pesticide National Synthesis Project 1992 Annual Use
- From: "David Zaber" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Date: Thu, 2 Sep 1999 21:03:19 -0500
- List-Name: Enviro-Mich
- Reply-To: "David Zaber" <email@example.com>
Take Action for
Hazardous Insecticide Risk Assessment Comments
As many of you know, the use of organophosphate insecticides
often poses a serious threat to fish and wildlife populations worldwide.
In the US, the Fish and Wildlife Service is the designated agency for dealing
with wildlife toxicology at the federal level. Unfortunately, the budgets
for enforcement of pesticide laws and environmental monitoring have fallen
terribly short and wildlife professionals are just too busy to investigate all
problems. Furthermore, detection of field poisonings in wildlife are
difficult for a variety of reasons, not the least of which is that animals often
hide before they die. The best estimates suggest that only a fraction of
wildlife poisonings are detected and a fraction of those are brought
successfully to an enforcement or remediation action.
One of the bad actors out there when it comes to
organophosphates (think sarin, soman and VX - these nerve gases are
organophosphates as well) is ethoprop. Ethoprop is a highly toxic nerve
poison that has registered uses which result in exceedences of mammal, bird and
fish environmental tolerances. Ethoprop is also considered a "likely"
human carcinogen. Organophosphates are toxic to a wide variety of
lifeforms, so much so that they are considered general biocides. Despite
some progress in removal of hazardous chemicals from the marketplace, much work
remains as evidenced by the continued use of ethoprop in agriculture. A
few excerpts from the USEPA risk assessment for ethoprop are provided
"Given the extent and magnitude of LOC
exceedences, EFED does not believe the risks from the use of Ethoprop can be
"All uses (of Ethoprop) at all labeled rates
resulted in high risks to all terrestrial and aquatic animals, except for turf
"The most highly exposed population subgroup,
based on results of DRES analysis, is non-nursing infants (<1 year old)."
(not including drinking water as a source).
This URL (http://water.wr.usgs.gov/pnsp/use92/ethoprp.html)
is a link to the USEPA pestide database for usage in the US. If you link
to this site, you'll see a map with color-coded use rates (by county) for the
lower 48 states. You would also see that Michigan is one of the few states
with a heavy use of ethoprop. The other Great Lakes with significant use
is New York.
If you are concerned about use of high risk, carcinogenic
pesticides in the Great Lakes basin, and in Michigan, then now is your chance to
make your voice heard. USEPA is soliciting public input in their risk
assessment process for Ethoprop. I have included the EPA notice below and
urge all of you (yes, even you Russ Harding) to write EPA and insist that this
toxic nerve poison be withdrawn from all agricultural uses and that substitutes
be found for turf use.
You may submit comments through the mail, in person, or
electronically. To ensure proper receipt by EPA, you must identify
control numbers OPP-34144C for ethoprop, in the subject line on the first page
of your response.
1. By mail. Submit comments to: Public
Information and Records
Integrity Branch, Information Resources and Services
Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection
Agency, 401 M
St., SW., Washington, DC 20460.
person or by courier. Deliver comments to: Public Information
Integrity Branch, Information Resources and Services
Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental
Protection Agency, Rm. 119,
Crystal Mall #2, 1921 Jefferson Davis Hwy.,
Arlington, VA. The Document
Control Office (DCO) is open 8:30 a.m. to 4
p.m., Monday through Friday,
excluding legal holidays. The PIRIB
telephone number is (703)
3. Electronically. Submit electronic comments by
e-mail to: ``opp-
you may mail or deliver your standard computer
disk using the addresses in
this unit. Do not submit any information
electronically that you consider to
be CBI. Electronic comments must be
submitted as an ASCII file, avoiding the
use of special characters and
any form of encryption. Comments and data will
also be accepted on
standard computer disks in WordPerfect 5.1/6.1 or ASCII
All comments in electronic form must be identified by the
control numbers OPP-34144C for ethoprop, OPP-34134B for fenamiphos,
OPP-34137B for phorate, and OPP-34139C for terbufos. Electronic
may also be filed online at many Federal Depository Libraries.
Thank you very much for working to remove harmful pesticides
from the Great Lakes region.
Western Lakes Wildlife Center
EPA RELEASES REVISED RISK
On Wednesday, September 1, 1999,
EPA released the revised
assessments for four organophosphate (OP)
and phorate. The release of the
assessment was announced in a Federal
Register notice (Volume 64, No.
Pages 47784-47786), available on the
EPA web site at www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/.
EPA has posted the revised risk
assessment for ethoprop, fenamiphos,
and phorate on the OPP web site
The Federal Register notice also announces
for a 60-day public participation
period during which the public may submit
management and mitigation ideas, and
recommendations and proposals
related to ethoprop, fenamiphos, terbufos,
phorate. Comments must be received by
November 1, 1999.