Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs) is the broad category of livestock operations including both those that are regulated under the Clean Water Act, specifically through a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) General Permit, and those that are not. At this time, a Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) is the term used for an AFO that is required to come under the NPDES General Permit -- a CAFO is a facility that houses at least 1000 animal units (AU) (which is the equivalent of 1000 beef cattle, 2500 hogs, 700 dairy cows, etc.) in a confined area for at least 45 days each year which have ALSO have been cited for a water quality discharge under the law. AFOs of the same size as those requiring permit coverage but without a documented discharge are required, under the state’s regulatory regime, to obtain coverage under the Michigan Department of Agriculture’s voluntary Michigan Agricultural Environmental Assurance Program (MAEAP). You can find info about each of these (the CAFO General Permit and MAEAP) on the web – the DEQ list of general NPDES permits includes a link to this, and the MDA site will give you the MAEAP info.
Anne Woiwode, Director
Sierra Club Mackinac Chapter
109 East Grand River Avenue, Lansing, MI 48906
ph: 517-484-2372 fx: 517-484-3108 e: firstname.lastname@example.org
Hi, I'm new to the list and not very familiar with specific state regulations, so could someone clarify: I assume that AFOs are, under Michigan law, considered "Agricultural operations." Is that correct?
Thanks for your help.
Permits to pollute our waters are still free in Michigan -- four months into the fiscal year - Conference Committee scheduled for Tuesday at 12:00 noon
SB 252 - Water Pollution Discharge Fees - - The MDEQ budget bill authorizes $3.0 million in fees. The House substitute includes approximately $3 million in fees. However, the bill has been weakened by a provision that prevents the department from promulgating any new rules to protect water resources, exempts agricultural operations [emph added]as does nothing to insure more enforcement or pollution prevention.