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E-M:/ EPA Approve Michigan Nitrogen Oxides control plan as state implementation plan



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Enviro-Mich message from "Alex J. Sagady & Associates" <ajs@sagady.com>
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[Federal Register: May 4, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 85)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Page 23029-23032]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr04my05-4]

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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 52

[R05-OAR-2004-MI-0002; FRL-7904-4]


Approval and Promulgation of State Implementation Plans: Michigan: Oxides of Nitrogen

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The EPA is approving as a revision to Michigan's Clean Air Act
State Implementation Plan (SIP) prepared by Michigan that will limit
the emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NO<SUB>X</SUB>) from large
stationary sources (i.e., electric generating units, industrial boilers
and cement kilns). This SIP, which the Michigan Department of
Environmental Quality (MDEQ) submitted for EPA approval on August 5,
2004, meets all of the requirements contained in an EPA rule that was
published in the Federal Register on October 27, 1998. The federal
rule, otherwise known as the Phase I NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP Call, requires
NO<SUB>X</SUB> reductions from sources in 19 States in the eastern half
of the country and the District of Columbia. MDEQ's August 5, 2004,
submittal also satisfies the conditions described in EPA's conditional
approval notice published in the Federal Register on April 16, 2004.
The effect of this approval is to ensure federal enforceability of the
state NO<SUB>X</SUB> plan and to maintain consistency between the
state-adopted plan and the approved Michigan SIP. EPA proposed approval
of this SIP revision and published a direct final approval on December
23, 2004. EPA received adverse comments on the proposed rulemaking and,
therefore, withdrew the direct final rulemaking on February 15, 2005.

[[Page 23030]]


DATES: This rule is effective June 3, 2005.


ADDRESSES: EPA has established a docket for this action under Regional
Material in EDocket (RME) ID No. R05-OAR-2004-MI-0002. All documents in
the docket are listed in the index. Although listed in the index, some
information is not publicly available, i.e., consolidated business
information (CBI) or other information where disclosure is restricted
by statute. Publicly available docket materials are available in hard
copy at the following address: United States Environmental Protection
Agency, Region 5, Air and Radiation Division, 77 West Jackson
Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. The Docket Facility is open during
normal business hours, Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays.
We recommend that you telephone Douglas Aburano at (312) 353-6960,
before visiting the Region 5 office.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Douglas Aburano, Environmental
Engineer, Criteria Pollutant Section, Air Programs Branch, United
States Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5, Mailcode AR-18J, 77
West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. Telephone: (312) 353-
6960. E-mail address: <A HREF="mailto:aburano.douglas@epa.gov";>aburano.douglas@epa.gov</A>.


SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This supplemental information section is
organized as follows:

I. Does this Action Apply to Me?
II. What Action Is EPA Taking Today?
III. What Is the Background for this Action?
IV. What Public Comments Were Received and What Is EPA's Response?
V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews.

General Information

I. Does This Action Apply to Me?

    This action applies to large stationary sources of NO<SUB>X</SUB>
(such as electric generating units that produce electricity for sale,
other large boilers that produce steam and/or electricity but do not
sell electricity, and cement kilns) in the southern counties (Allegan,
Barry, Bay, Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Clinton, Eaton, Genesee,
Gratiot, Hillsdale, Ingham, Ionia, Isabella, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent,
Lapeer, Lenawee, Livingston, Macomb, Mecosta, Midland, Monroe,
Montcalm, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oakland, Oceana, Ottawa, Saginaw, Saint
Clair, Saint Joseph, Sanilac, Shiawassee, Tuscola, Van Buren,
Washtenaw, Wayne) of Michigan. This action also applies to the unit at
DTE Energy's Harbor Beach facility in Huron County.

II. What Action Is EPA Taking Today?

    EPA is approving the NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP submitted on August 5,
2004. EPA finds that Michigan's submittal is fully approvable because
EPA conditionally approved Michigan's initial April 3, 2003, submittal,
and Michigan satisfied the conditions for full approvability in the
August 5, 2004, submittal. This submittal meets the requirements of the
Phase I NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP Call.
    Specifically, we are approving Michigan's revision of the ozone SIP
that responds to EPA's Phase I NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP Call. On April 3,
2003, Michigan submitted for EPA approval Michigan Air Pollution
Control Rules 803, 805-810, and 812-817. Michigan submitted Michigan
Air Pollution Control Rules 802, 804 and 811 on May 27, 2004. Michigan
submitted a revision combining rules 802-817 as submitted on April 3,
2003 and May 27, 2004 as a supplement for ease of incorporation by
reference. This supplemental submittal was sent by MDEQ to EPA on
August 5, 2004, and it is this revision that we are approving into the
SIP today.
    By this action, we are also vacating our April 16, 2004 (69 FR
20548) conditional approval of Michigan's earlier NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP
submittal.

III. What Is the Background for This Action?

    The SIP revision submitted by the MDEQ on August 5, 2004, consists
of Michigan Rules 802 through 817. MDEQ has requested that we approve
all of these rules in the SIP to satisfy the requirements of EPA's
Phase I NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP Call.
    We concluded in our April 16, 2004, direct final conditional
approval at 69 FR 20548 that the April 3, 2003, SIP revision was
approvable except for a number of minor deficiencies. Therefore, EPA
conditionally approved the submittal. On May 27, 2004, MDEQ submitted
for approval as a SIP revision a package that addressed all of the
issues raised in EPA's April 16, 2004, conditional approval. On
December 23, 2004, we published a direct final action approving the
corrections submitted by MDEQ on May 27, 2004. Because EPA received
adverse comments during the public comment period, we were required to
withdraw the December 23, 2004, direct final rulemaking and address
those comments in today's rulemaking.

IV. What Public Comments Were Received and What Is EPA's Response?

    We received four adverse comments on our December 23, 2004,
approval of Michigan's August 5, 2004, SIP revision. Although the
comments do not specifically address the actual action taken in the SIP
revision, they are ``adverse'' to the SIP action in that the commenters
generally disagree with the action we took on December 23, 2004.
Because all of the comments expressed the same general concerns in a
similar language, we have summarized them below as one comment.
    Summary of comments (paraphrased): Several commenters stated that
they generally did not agree with this action. One specifically felt
that the air in New Jersey is adversely affected by emissions from
other States and requested that the Agency require the most stringent
controls on upwind sources that impact the air in New Jersey.
    Response: The level of emission reductions required by Michigan's
NO<SUB>X</SUB> rules meets the requirements of EPA's NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP
Call. The NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP Call finds that specific states (e.g.,
Michigan) have sources whose NO<SUB>X</SUB> emissions contribute
significantly to another state's failure to attain the ozone standard
and requires each such state to eliminate the amount of such
significant contribution. EPA set the amount of required NO<SUB>X</SUB>
emission reductions for each State equal to the amount of highly cost-
effective NO<SUB>X</SUB> reductions available in the State. Michigan's
rule requires the amount of NO<SUB>X</SUB> emission reductions
determined by EPA for Michigan in the NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP Call.
Consequently, although the commenter apparently would like additional
reductions, beyond the amount required by the NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP Call,
by Michigan sources, EPA's approval of Michigan's rule is reasonable,
and, in fact, there is no basis for rejecting Michigan's rule.

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review

    Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this
action is not a ``significant regulatory action'' and therefore is not
subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget.

Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use

    For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order
13211, ``Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect
Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use'' (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001).

[[Page 23031]]

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    This action merely approves state law as meeting Federal
requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those
imposed by state law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that
this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial
number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C.
601 et seq.).

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under state
law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that
required by state law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or
significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4).

Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal
Governments

    This rule also does not have tribal implications because it will
not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on
the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or
on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal
Government and Indian tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65
FR 67249, November 9, 2000).

Executive Order 13132: Federalism

    This action also does not have Federalism implications because it
does not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the
relationship between the national government and the States, or on the
distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of
government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August
10, 1999). This action merely approves a state rule implementing a
Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the
distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air
Act.

Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental Health
and Safety Risks

    This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 ``Protection
of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks'' (62 FR
19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.

National Technology Transfer Advancement Act

    Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement
Act of 1995 (NTTA), 15 U.S.C. 272, requires federal agencies to use
technical standards that are developed or adopted by voluntary
consensus to carry our policy objectives, so long as such standards are
not inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impracticable. In
reviewing program submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices,
provided that they meet the criteria of the Act. Absent a prior
existing requirement for the state to use voluntary consensus
standards, EPA has no authority to disapprove a program submission for
failure to use such standards, and it would thus be inconsistent with
applicable law for EPA to use voluntary consensus standards in place of
a program submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the
Act. Therefore, the requirements of section 12(d) of the NTTA do not
apply.

Civil Justice Reform

    As required by section 3 of Executive Order 12988 (61 FR 4729,
February 7, 1996), in issuing this rule, EPA has taken the necessary
steps to eliminate drafting errors and ambiguity, minimize potential
litigation, and provide a clear legal standard for affected conduct.

Governmental Interference With Constitutionally Protected Property
Rights

    EPA has complied with Executive Order 12630 (53 FR 8859, March 15,
1988) by examining the takings implications of the rule in accordance
with the ``Attorney General's Supplemental Guidelines for the
Evaluation of Risk and Avoidance of Unanticipated Takings'' issued
under the executive order, and has determined that the rule's
requirements do not constitute a taking.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    This rule does not impose an information collection burden under
the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501
et seq.).

Congressional Review Act

    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally
provides that before a rule may take effect, EPA promulgating the rule
must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each
House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United
States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other
required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of
Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior
to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot
take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal
Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C.
804(2).
    Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for
judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court
of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by July 5, 2005. Filing a
petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule
does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial
review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial
review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such
rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings
to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by
reference, Ozone, Nitrogen dioxide, Reporting and recordkeeping
requirements.

    Dated: April 13, 2005.
Richard C. Karl,
Acting Regional Administrator, Region 5.

0
Part 52, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is
amended as follows:

PART 52--[AMENDED]

0
1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

Subpart X--Michigan

0
2. Section 52.1170 is amended by adding paragraph (c)(121) to read as
follows:


Sec. 52.1170 Identification of plan.


* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (121) On April 3, 2003, the Michigan Department of Environmental
Quality (MDEQ) submitted regulations restricting emissions of oxides of
nitrogen (NO<SUB>X</SUB>) to address the Phase I NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP
Call requirements. EPA conditionally approved Michigan's April 3, 2003,
SIP revision on April 16, 2004. On May 27, 2004 and August 5, 2004,
Michigan subsequently submitted for EPA approval SIP revisions to
address the requirements found in EPA's conditional approval. These
additional submittals, in combination with the original SIP revision,
fulfill the Phase I NO<SUB>X</SUB> SIP Call requirements.
    (i) Incorporation by reference. The following sections of the
Michigan

[[Page 23032]]

Administrative Code are incorporated by reference.
    (A) R336.1802 Applicability under oxides of nitrogen budget trading
program, effective May 20, 2004.
    (B) R336.1803 Definitions for oxides of nitrogen budget trading
program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (C) R336.1804 Retired unit exemption from oxides of nitrogen budget
trading program, effective May 20, 2004.
    (D) R336.1805 Standard requirements of oxides of nitrogen budget
trading program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (E) R336.1806 Computation of time under oxides of nitrogen budget
trading program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (F) R336.1807 Authorized account representative under oxides of
nitrogen budget trading program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (G) R336.1808 Permit requirements under oxides of nitrogen budget
trading program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (H) R336.1809 Compliance certification under oxides of nitrogen
budget trading program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (I) R336.1810 Allowance allocations under oxides of nitrogen budget
trading program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (J) R336.1811 New source set-aside under oxides of nitrogen budget
trading program, effective May 20, 2004.
    (K) R336.1812 Allowance tracking system and transfers under oxides
of nitrogen budget trading program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (L) R336.1813 Monitoring and reporting requirements under oxides of
nitrogen budget trading, effective December 4, 2002.
    (M) R336.1814 Individual opt-ins under oxides of nitrogen budget
trading program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (N) R336.1815 Allowance banking under oxides of nitrogen budget
trading program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (O) R336.1816 Compliance supplement pool under oxides of nitrogen
budget trading program, effective December 4, 2002.
    (P) R336.1817 Emission limitations and restrictions for Portland
cement kilns, effective December 4, 2002.


Sec. 52.1218 [Removed]


3. Section 52.1218 is removed.

[FR Doc. 05-8787 Filed 5-3-05; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-P




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