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Chlorine & Paper Industry

The Alliance for Environmental Technology has just released its 1997
"Trends In World Bleached Chemical Pulp Production" report. An annual
report, it documents yearly pulp production data since 1990 for
Elemental Chlorine-Free (ECF), based on chlorine dioxide, TCF (Totally
Chlorine-Free), and others bleached with a mixture of chlorine and
chlorine dioxide. 

The international survey shows that ECF pulp will account for 50 percent
of the world bleached chemical pulp market in 1997. TCF pulp production
remains unmoved at 6 percent of the world market. In the U.S. alone, ECF
pulp production has grown by more than 2,000 percent since 1990. 

Since the industry began its conversion toward ECF bleaching in the late
1980s, dioxin emissions have been reduced by more than 98 percent. As a
result, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) data show that since
1990, 13 states have lifted a total of 17 fish consumption advisories
for dioxin downstream of U.S. pulp mills. 

In July of 1996, the U.S. EPA issued its "Notice of Availability" for
the Agency's proposed Cluster Rule for the pulp and paper industry. In
the "Notice," EPA proposed two options for Best Available Technology,
both based on ECF (100 percent substitution of chlorine dioxide for

For a copy of the report and its press release, visit http://aet.org