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Northeast-Midwest Weekly Update -- 28 April 1997



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                   Northeast-Midwest Institute

                          WEEKLY UPDATE

                          28 April 1997
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                         TOP OF THE NEWS


NEW ENGLAND LEADS IN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SPENDING
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     Northeastern states spent more on research and development as a
percent of gross state product than any other region in fiscal 1993,
according to the most recent data released by the National Science
Foundation.  As outlined in the table below, Massachusetts, Maryland,
Delaware, and New Jersey led the region, with R&D spending levels
over 4 percent of their gross state products.

     R&D spending includes expenditures by the federal government,
industry, universities and colleges, federally-funded R&D centers,
and non-profit organizations.  A concentration of federal research
facilities (i.e., National Institute of Health and Goddard Space
Flight Center) help account for Maryland's high 6.2 percent rate,
while the presence of large research universities (i.e., Harvard and
M.I.T.) raised Massachusetts's rate to 5.7 percent.

     Midwestern states tended to devote less of their resources than
the Northeast to R&D, yet the region's average, 2.7 percent, exceeded
the national average of 2.6 percent.  Spending levels ranged from a
high of 5.1 percent of gross state product in Michigan to 1.5 percent
in Iowa.

     CONTACT:  Alyssa Farber at the Northeast-Midwest Institute (544-
5200).


NORTHEAST'S POVERTY POPULATION GROWS
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     All states in New England and the mid-Atlantic region gained in
their share of the 5-to-17 year old poverty population in the years
after the 1990 census, according to recently-released data from the
Census Bureau.  In the Midwest, all states, with the exception of
Michigan, lost in their share of this population.

     When Congress last reauthorized the Chapter I program of
compensatory education for disadvantaged children, lawmakers also
directed the Census Bureau to develop biennial estimates of poverty
populations.  The just-released poverty estimates for 1993 will be
used in the next round of Chapter I (and other) funding allocations
to the states.

     New York recorded the largest gain in share of the youth poverty
population, which rose from 7.03 percent to 7.96 percent. 
Massachusetts's share rose from 1.49 percent to 1.76 percent.  The
largest decrease was posted by Illinois, which went from 4.35 percent
to 4.07 percent, followed by Ohio, which fell from 4.26 percent to
4.05 percent.

     The Northeast-Midwest Institute prepared for its subscribers a
short report and state-by-state table on these new poverty numbers.

     CONTACT:  Paula Duggan at the Northeast-Midwest Institute (544-
5200).


HOUSE MEMBERS SUPPORT ENERGY EFFICIENCY
---------------------------------------
     Twenty-three members of the Northeast-Midwest Congressional
Coalition recently requested appropriations for key federal energy
efficiency programs.  The lawmakers, led by Reps. Bob Franks (R-NJ)
and Marty Meehan (D-MA), paid special attention to the Office of
Industrial Technologies, State Energy Conservation Program, and
Energy Information Administration.

     The Office of Industrial Technologies within the U.S. Department
of Energy extends objective technical support to manufacturers and
helps research and develop the energy efficient technologies needed
to sustain the competitiveness of energy-intensive industries.

     CONTACT:  David Richardson and Diane DeVaul at the Northeast-
Midwest Institute (544-5200).


     R&D SPENDING AND GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT BY STATE: 1993 1/
                     (in millions of dollars)

                                                           R&D as a
                                           Gross State      Percent
State/Region                 Total R&D         Product       of GSP

New England
  Connecticut                    2,809         100,316         2.80
  Maine                            114          24,710         0.50
  Massachusetts                  9,486         167,140         5.70
  New Hampshire                    438          26,312         1.70
  Rhode Island                     484          22,116         2.20
  Vermont                          343          12,210         2.80
Total                           13,674         352,804         3.88

Mid-Atlantic
  Delaware                       1,247          25,555         4.90
  Maryland                       7,423         120,020         6.20
  New Jersey                     9,181         229,104         4.00
  New York                      10,974         504,037         2.20
  Pennsylvania                   8,278         273,046         3.00
Total                           37,103       1,151,762         3.22

Midwest
  Illinois                       6,778         303,341         2.20
  Indiana                        2,560         126,443         2.00
  Iowa                             902          58,702         1.50
  Michigan                      10,778         213,354         5.10
  Minnesota                      2,922         111,951         2.60
  Ohio                           6,398         249,133         2.60
  Wisconsin                      1,851         113,142         1.60
Total                           32,189       1,176,066         2.74

South
  Alabama                        1,967          80,775         2.40
  Arkansas                         301          44,726         0.70
  Florida                        3,526         282,481         1.20
  Georgia                        1,577         162,110         1.00
  Kentucky                         429          78,044         0.50
  Louisiana                        470          95,219         0.50
  Mississippi                      325          46,171         0.70
  North Carolina                 2,745         169,153         1.60
  Oklahoma                         533          61,482         0.90
  South Carolina                   713          72,771         1.00
  Tennessee                      1,214         114,257         1.10
  Texas                          6,966         430,973         1.60
  Virginia                       2,941         160,411         1.80
  West Virginia                    280          31,550         0.90
Total                           23,987       1,830,123         1.31

West
  Alaska                           130          25,716         0.50
  Arizona                        1,608          78,153         2.10
  California                    33,721         786,408         4.30
  Colorado                       2,864          88,632         3.20
  Hawaii                           380          34,078         1.10
  Idaho                            477          22,916         2.10
  Kansas                           463          56,832         0.80
  Missouri                       1,789         114,458         1.60
  Montana                           85          16,756         0.50
  Nebraska                         295          38,226         0.80
  Nevada                           218          39,683         0.50
  New Mexico                     2,752          33,791         8.10
  North Dakota                      91          12,478         0.70
  Oregon                           774          66,354         1.20
  South Dakota                      58          15,981         0.40
  Utah                             753          37,607         2.00
  Washington                     5,422         129,569         4.20
  Wyoming                           63          13,569         0.50
Total                           51,943       1,611,207         3.22

Northeast                       50,777       1,504,566         3.37
Midwest                         32,189       1,176,066         2.74
Northeast and Midwest           82,966       2,680,632         3.10

South                           23,987       1,830,123         1.31
West                            51,943       1,611,207         3.22
South and West                  75,930       3,441,330         2.21

U.S. Total                     158,896       6,121,962         2.60


1/ The Bureau of Economic Analysis has prepared gross state product data
through 1992.  Gross state product data for 1993 were estimated here based
on measures of annual, state-wide, rates of change in employee compensation
and proprietors' income.

SOURCE: Northeast-Midwest Institute staff calculations from National Science
        Foundation, National Patterns of R&D Resources: 1996, NSF 96-333,
        (Arlington, VA, 1996), Table C-17.

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