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GLIN==> Fwd: Monsanto Media

>From: Pesticide_Roundup***
>Subject: Monsanto Media
>Date: Thu, 24 Jun 1999 20:03:30 +0100
>From: genetics <genetics@gn.apc.org>
>PRESS RELEASE - 22 JUNE - New Study Links Monsanto's Roundup to Cancer
>A recent study by eminent oncologists Dr. Lennart Hardell and Dr. Mikael
>Eriksson of Sweden [1], has revealed clear links between one of the
>world's biggest selling herbicide, glyphosate, to non-Hodgkin's
>lymphoma, a form of cancer [2].
>In the study published in the 15 March 1999 Journal of American Cancer
>Society, the researchers also maintain that exposure to glyphosate
>'yielded increased risks for NHL.' They stress that with the rapidly
>increasing use of glyphosate since the time the study was carried out,
>'glyphosate deserves further epidemiologic studies.'
>Glyphosate, commonly known as Roundup, is the world's most widely used
>herbicide. It is estimated that for 1998, over a 112,000 tonnes of
>glyphosate was used world-wide. It indiscriminately kills off a wide
>variety of weeds after application and is primarily used to control
>annual and perennial plants.
>71% of genetically engineered crops planted in 1998 are designed to be
>resistant to herbicides such as glyphosate, marketed by Monsanto as
>Roundup. Companies developing herbicide resistant crops are also
>increasing their production capacity for the herbicides such as
>glyphosate, and also requesting permits for higher residues of these
>chemicals in genetically engineered food. For example, Monsanto have
>already received permits for a threefold increase in herbicide residues
>on genetically engineered soybeans in Europe and the U.S., up from 6
>parts per million (PPM) to 20 PPM.
>According to Sadhbh O' Neill of Genetic Concern, 'this study reinforces
>concerns by environmentalists and health professionals that far from
>reducing herbicide use, glyphosate resistant crops may result in
>increased residues to which we as consumers will be exposed in our
>'Increased residues of glyphosate and its metabolites are already on
>sale via genetically engineered soya, common in processed foods. However
>no studies of the effects of GE soya sprayed with Roundup on health have
>been carried out either on animals or humans to date,' she continued.
>The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) statistics from 1997
>show that expanded plantings of Roundup Ready soybeans (i.e. soybeans
>genetically engineered to be tolerant to the herbicide) resulted in a
>72% increase in the use of glyphosate. According to the Pesticides
>Action Network, scientists estimate that plants genetically engineered
>to be herbicide resistant will actually triple the amount of herbicides
>used. Farmers, knowing that their crop can tolerate or resist being
>killed off by the herbicides, will tend to use them more liberally.
>O' Neill concluded: 'The EPA when authorising Monsanto's field trials
>for Roundup-ready sugar beet did not consider the issue of glyphosate.
>They considered this to be the remit of the Pesticides Control Service
>of the Department of Agriculture. Thus nobody has included the effects
>of increasing the use of glyphosate in the risk/benefit analysis carried

>out. It is yet another example of how regulatory authorities supposedly
>protecting public health have failed to implement the 'precautionary
>principle' with respect to GMOs.'
>Further information: Sadhbh O' Neill at 01-4760360 or 087-2258599 or
>(home)  01-6774052
>[1] Lennart Hardell, M.D., PhD. Department of Oncology, Orebro Medical
>Centre, Orebro, Sweden and Miikael Eriksson, M.D., PhD, Department of
>Oncology, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden, 'A Case-Control Study of
>Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and Exposure to Pesticides', Cancer, March 15,
>1999/ Volume 85/ Number 6.
>The findings are based on a population-based case-control study
>conducted in Sweden between 1987 - 1990. The necessary data was
>ascertained by a series of comprehensive questionnaires and follow-up
>telephone interviews. Dr. Hardell and Dr. Eriksson found that 'exposure
>to herbicides and fungicides resulted in significantly increased risks
>for NHL'.
>[2] Lymphoma is a form of cancer that afflicts the lymphatic system. It
>can occur at virtually any part of the body but the initial symptoms are
>usually seen as swellings around the lymph nodes at the base of the
>neck. There are basically two main kinds of lymphoma, i.e. Hodgkin's
>disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
>The incidence of NHL has increased rapidly in most Western countries
>over the last few decades. According to the American Cancer Society,
>there has been an alarming 80% increase in incidences of NHL since the
>early 1970's.

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