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For Release:   IMMEDIATELY
3 August 1999

EDITORS NOTE:  News media are welcome to attend the unveiling of this
state-of-the-art recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) at 10:00 a.m.,
Tuesday, August 17, at the Great Lakes WATER Institute in Milwaukee.
Invitees include David Ward, Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs at
the University of Wisconsin and George E. Meyer, Secretary of the Wis. Dept.
of Natural Resources, as well as other officials of the WDNR, the University
of Wisconsin system, several Indian tribes, and the Bureau of Indian
Affairs.  A tour of the institute's Aquaculture Center will be conducted,
and a variety of Great Lakes fish, including yellow perch and lake sturgeon,
will be on display.  The WATER Institute is located at 600 E. Greenfield
Ave., Milwaukee.  

For More Information:  Fred Binkowski, Senior Scientist, Great Lakes WATER
Institute, (414) 382-1700.
Stephen Wittman, Assistant Director for Communications, (608) 263-5371.


MILWAUKEE, Wis. (8/2/99) - Members of the Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians
and other Minnesota and Wisconsin tribes will learn state-of-the-art
aquaculture techniques during a three-day intensive training session Aug.
17-20, 1999, at UW-Milwaukee's Great Lakes WATER Institute.

The tribe is turning to aquaculture to revitalize its economy after
commercial fishing on Minnesota's Upper and Lower Red Lakes was closed down
in 1997.  The training is part of a project to adopt a new form of
commercial fish production that may allow fish with the Red Lake label to
once again grace the dinner tables of the north central United States.

The WATER Institute is cooperating with the Red Lake Band, the Minneapolis
office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the University of Wisconsin Sea
Grant Institute to revitalize the tribe's commercial fishing industry, boost
the local economy, and establish a model of fish farming for other tribes
and entrepreneurs to follow. 

The training program will feature specialized classroom and hands-on
sessions on the operation of recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS), a new
technology for low-impact, high-production aquaculture.  Participants will
learn about the practical aspects of fish health, yellow perch biology,
microbiology, water chemistry, and the engineering aspects of RAS units.  

The three-day program is part of a project involving dual, commercial-scale
RAS units in Wisconsin and Minnesota.  One was constructed at the
Aquaculture Center with a $10,000 grant from the UW Sea Grant Institute and
a matching grant from the Red Lake Band.  A parallel unit and other
components were built on the Red Lake Reservation with an additional $65,000
from the Red Lake Band.  The Aquaculture Center's unit will be used for
research, education, and training, while the Red Lake unit will be used for
training and fish production.

Fred Binkowski, Senior Scientist at the Great Lakes WATER Institute, has
been conducting research on the intensive culture of yellow perch for more
than a decade.  Binkowski began working with tribal biologists in 1992 and
with the Red Lake Band more recently.  In March, the first perch fingerlings
were placed in the tribe's RAS demonstration unit.  Tribal members have been
caring for the fish, monitoring growth, and learning to solve problems.

"Rearing perch in such a system requires considerable experience and the
ability to fine tune conditions to provide the animals with an optimal
environment.  The tribe expects to harvest marketable fish in September,"
Binkowski said.

The WATER Institute's Aquaculture Center, in conjunction with the Bureau of
Indian Affairs, has also conducted cooperative projects with the Leech Lake
Reservation in Minnesota and the Lac du Flambeau Band in Wisconsin.

The Red Lake Band has been fishing commercially on both Upper and Lower Red
Lakes since 1917, but over-exploitation caused the Red Lakes Fisheries
Association to voluntarily close down the commercial fishing season in 1997.
Before it closed, the Red Lake commercial fishery had a significant economic
impact on the area, pumping more than a million dollars annually into the
local economy.  Tribal members and the local area were severely affected by
the loss of the industry. 

For more information about the Great Lakes WATER Institute, visit the
Institute's web page at www.uwm.edu/Dept/GLWI/.

# # # #

Created in 1966, Sea Grant is a national network of 29 university-based
programs of research, outreach, and education dedicated to the protection
and sustainable use of the United States' coastal, ocean, and Great Lakes
resources.  The National Sea Grant Network is a partnership of participating
coastal states, private industry, and the National Sea Grant College
Program, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of


John R. Karl
Science Writer

University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute
1975 Willow Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1103

Phone: (608) 263-8621
FAX: (608) 262-0591

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