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GLIN==> US Submission for CITES Confenrece April 2000




--------------- cc:Mail Forwarded ---------------
From:     NEWS@fws.gov AT FWS
Date:     11/18/99 03:08 PM
To:       fws-news@www.fws.gov AT FWS
Subject:  US Submission for CITES Confenrece April 2000




November 18, 1999
Contact: Patricia Fisher 202-208-5634

        UNITED STATES ENCOURAGES WORLDWIDE SUSTAINABLE
   TRADE IN ANIMALS AND PLANTS AS IT UNVEILS FINAL SUBMISSION FOR APRIL
                 2000 CITES CONFERENCE

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is calling for global attention to the
impacts of unsustained trade in marine species, reptiles, amphibians and
plants as it submits its final proposals and papers to the Convention on
International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES),
Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Fish and Wildlife and Parks and
head of the U.S. delegation to CITES, Donald J. Barry announced today.
CITES is an international agreement designed to control and regulate global
trade in certain wild animals and plants that are or may become threatened
with extinction due to commercial trade.

These proposals and papers will be considered during the 11thmeeting of the
Conference of the Parties (COP11) to CITES in Nairobi, Kenya, in April
2000. Currently, 146 nations including the U.S. belong to CITES.  Members
meet approximately every two years to discuss improvements to the treaty
and to review trade protections for wildlife.

"As we prepared the U.S. submissions, the Service worked closely with State
wildlife agencies," Barry said.  "More than ever before, they have been our
partners in gathering the best scientific, trade and harvest information
available on various species, especially native wildlife species."

A CITES-regulated species may be included in one of three appendices to the
Convention.  Any listing of a species in either Appendix I or II requires
approval by two thirds of the CITES party countries.  Appendix I includes
species where it is determined that any commercial trade is detrimental to
the survival of the species.  Therefore, no commercial trade is allowed in
Appendix I species.  Noncommercial trade in such species is allowed if it
does not jeopardize the species' survival in the wild.  Permits are
required for the exportation and importation of Appendix I species.

Appendix II includes species where it has been determined that commercial
trade may be detrimental to the survival of the species if that trade is
not strictly controlled.  Trade in these species is regulated through the
use of export permits.

Appendix III includes species where there is some question as to the
potential negative impact of commercial trade.  Permits are used to monitor
trade in native species.  Any member may place a native species on Appendix
III.

In addition to proposals the United States itself is submitting, there are
several it is co-sponsoring with other countries. For example, the U.S. is
joining with Australia, Bulgaria, Kenya, Georgia, India, Nepal and
Madagascar to propose or discuss protection for species such as sharks,
tortoises, dolphins, tarantulas and Musk deer.

"Because Americans purchase great quantities of foreign wildlife and
wildlife products, it is our responsibility to work with other countries to
make sure that this trade in no way jeopardizes the future health of their
native wildlife," Barry said.


   SPOTTED TURTLE

The spotted turtle is another North American species which the U.S.
considers to be in need of Appendix II protection. Native to southern
Ontario, Canada, and in the Northeast, mid-Atlantic, Southeast and Upper
Midwest U.S., the species' survival is threatened by over-collection;
habitat fragmentation, alteration, and destruction; as well as road
mortality.  Human population growth and development, the disappearance of
wetlands and pollution are some of the factors contributing to population
declines. Also, illegal commercial collecting threatens the turtle's
survival.  From 1995 through 1997, substantial numbers of spotted turtles
were exported from the United States.



related
to mountain laurel and native to the coastal areas of North and South
Carolina, from CITES protection.  Currently listed in Appendix II, new
information confirms that, in recent years, there has been no international
trade in the species. Since the main threats to the White wicky come from
habitat loss due to land development, conversion to agriculture or
production forestry and fire suppression rather than from trade, CITES
protection would not affect the survival of wild populations.

ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES

?    NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

The biennial meetings of the Conference of the Parties are open to
registered nongovernmental organizations.  Conference rules allow
representatives to observe many sessions, hand out information and speak on
issues of concern.  The U.S. is asking the parties to discuss ways to
ensure continued accessibility
for
these groups.

FUTURE NOTICES

A Federal Register notice announcing the preliminary agenda for COP11 is
expected to be published in mid-December.  At the same time, another
Federal Register notice will be published announcing the final U.S.
submissions for COP11. The U.S. proposed negotiating positions on other
countries' COP11 submissions is expected to be published in early February
2000. At the same time, the Service will also announce a public
meeting
to be held later that month to discuss these submissions. On April 1, the
Service will publish the final U.S. negotiating positions on other
countries' submissions.

For copies of all Federal Register notices and to learn more about CITES,
U.S. submissions, what other countries are proposing, fact sheets, COP11
updates and the latest news,
check
the Service's internet address:
<<http://international.fws.gov/cop11/cop11.html.>>

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal Federal agency
responsible for conserving, protecting, and enhancing fish, wildlife and
plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American
people. The Service manages the 93- million-acre National Wildlife Refuge
System comprised of more than 500 national wildlife refuges, thousands of
small
wetlands,
and other special management areas. It also operates 66
national
fish hatcheries, 64 fish and wildlife management assistance offices and 78
ecological services field stations. The agency enforces Federal wildlife
laws, administers the Endangered Species Act, manages migratory bird
populations, restores nationally significant fisheries, conserves and
restores
wildlife
habitat such as wetlands, and helps foreign governments with their
conservation efforts. It also oversees the Federal Aid program that
distributes hundreds of millions of dollars in excise taxes on fishing and
hunting equipment to state fish and wildlife agencies.

                             -FWS-






















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