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GLIN==> Coast Guard ship ballast regulation
- Subject: GLIN==> Coast Guard ship ballast regulation
- From: "Alex J. Sagady & Associates" <email@example.com>
- Date: Wed, 31 Aug 2005 17:16:38 -0400
- Delivered-to: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Delivered-to: email@example.com
- List-name: GLIN-Announce
[Federal Register: August 31, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 168)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY
Ballast Water Management for Vessels Entering the Great Lakes
That Declare No Ballast Onboard
AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS.
ACTION: Notice of policy; availability of draft environmental assessment.
SUMMARY: To prevent the introductions of aquatic nonindigenous species
from vessels entering the Great Lakes declaring no ballast onboard
(NOBOB), the Coast Guard establishes best management practices for
residual ballast water and sediment management to be followed by NOBOB
vessels. Coast Guard also requests comments on the draft environmental
assessment prepared for the policy.
DATES: This policy is effective on the date of publication in the
Federal Register. Comments and related material regarding the draft
Environmental Assessment must reach the Docket Management System on or
before September 30, 2005.
ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by Coast Guard docket
number USCG-2004-19842 to the Docket management facility at the U.S.
Department of Transportation. To avoid duplication, please use only one
of the following methods: (1) By mail to the Docket Management Facility
(USCG-2004-19842), U.S. Department of Transportation, Room PL-401, 400
Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20593-0001. (2) By delivery to Room
PL-401 on the Plaza Level of the Nassif Building, 400 Seventh Street,
SW., Washington DC between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday,
except Federal holidays. The telephone number is (202) 366-9329. (3) By
fax to the Docket Management Facility at (202) 493-2251. (4)
Electronically through the Web site for the Docket Management System at
<A HREF="http://dms.dot.gov">http://dms.dot.gov</A>. The Docket Management Facility maintains the public
docket for this notice. Comments will become part of this docket and
will be available for inspection or copying in Room PL-401, located on
the Plaza Level of the Nassif Building at the above address between 9
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except for Federal holidays.
You may also view this docket, including this notice and comments, on
the Internet at <A HREF="http://dms.dot.gov">http://dms.dot.gov</A>.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information concerning this
policy, call Mr. Bivan Patnaik, Project Manager, Environmental
Standards Division, U.S. Coast Guard, telephone 202-267-1744 or via e-
mail <A HREF="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org">email@example.com</A>. If you have any questions on viewing or
submitting material to the docket, call Ms. Andrea M. Jenkins, Program
Manager, Docket Operations, Department of Transportation, telephone
The Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of
1990, as reauthorized and amended by the National Invasive Species Act
of 1996, authorizes the Coast Guard to develop guidelines and
regulations to prevent the introduction of nonindigenous species (NIS)
via ballast water discharges. The Coast Guard promulgated regulations
in the Federal Register on June 14, 2004, entitled, ``Penalties for
Non-submission of Ballast Water Management Reports'' (68 FR 32864) and
on July 28, 2004, entitled ``Mandatory Ballast Water Management for
U.S. Waters'' (69 FR 44952). In doing so, the Great Lakes Ballast Water
Management Program that became effective on May 10, 1993 (58 FR 18330),
has remained unchanged, with the exception that all vessels equipped
with ballast water tanks that enter and operate between ports in the
Great Lakes must now submit their ballast water reporting forms to the
National Ballast Information Clearinghouse as of August 13, 2004 (69 FR
On July 14, 2004, the Coast Guard received a petition for
rulemaking requesting that we take specific regulatory action to
prevent NIS introductions via NOBOB vessels. In response, on January 7,
2005, the Coast Guard published a notice of public meeting; request for
comments, entitled, ``Ballast Water Management for Vessels Entering the
Great Lakes that Declare No Ballast Onboard'' (70 FR 1448) asking the
public to assist us in developing ballast water management practices
for NOBOBs that are effective and practicable. Additionally on May 9,
2005, we held a public meeting where we further engaged the public on
this issue. There were 35 people in attendance including
representatives from: Congressional staff, federal
agencies, state agencies, international organizations, the shipping
industry, maritime equipment manufacturers, non-governmental
organizations, and concerned citizens. From the notice and the public
meeting, we received 25 letters on the issue.
Background and Purpose
Vessels carrying ballast water that enter the Great Lakes after
operating outside the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) are required
to comply with the Great Lakes ballast water management requirements
found in 33 CFR Part 151, Subpart C. Ballast water means any water and
suspended matter taken on board a vessel to control or maintain, trim,
draught, stability, or stresses of the vessel, regardless of how it is
carried. NOBOB vessels are those vessels that have discharged ballast
water in order to carry cargo, and as a result, have only unpumpable
residual water and sediment remaining in tanks. A large number of
vessels that call on the Great Lakes are NOBOBs fully loaded with cargo
that consequently cannot conduct a full mid-ocean exchange enroute to
the Great Lakes. However, NOBOBs have the potential to carry NIS in
their empty tanks via residual ballast water and/or accumulated
sediment. Once NOBOBs enter the Great Lakes, discharge some or all of
their cargo and take on ballast water, this water mixes with the
residual water and sediment, and if this mixed ballast water is
subsequently discharged into the Great Lakes, may provide a mechanism
for NIS to enter the Great Lakes. Therefore, the Coast Guard is issuing
best management practices for vessels with ballast tanks with residual
ballast water and sediment. While this policy targets vessels declaring
NOBOB entering the Great Lakes, the recommended management practices
are applicable to all vessels that enter the Great Lakes with empty
ballast tanks that may be filled with ballast water and discharged
within the Great Lakes.
Discussion of Comments
From the notice and the public meeting, we received 25 letters on
the issue. Most letters contained more than one comment. These included
general comments as well as specific comments. We address the general
comments first and then the specific comments.
We received 3 comments that support the Coast Guard as the lead
agency to regulate ballast water discharge. One commenter further
stated that the Coast Guard should develop a regulatory regime based on
the long-term goal of eliminating NIS from NOBOBs.
The Coast Guard agrees with these comments and preventing NIS
introductions via NOBOBs for the interim is the intent of this notice.
Once we establish the ballast water discharge (BWD) standard and use it
to approve ballast water treatment methods, we will greatly reduce the
number of NIS introductions via vessels in general, including NOBOBs.
Five commenters stated that a federal approach to preventing
invasions in the Great Lakes is needed whereas a State-by-State piece-
meal approach is not.
The Coast Guard agrees that a federal approach is more amenable
than a patch-work of state NOBOB management programs, where each state
may have different ballast water management requirements that could
confuse the shipping industry and not necessarily prevent NIS
introductions. However, NISA does allow for states to develop their own
NIS prevention measures.
One commenter stated their opinion that misinformation is being
sent to the public by ``one or two individuals or organizations''
regarding NIS invasions and NOBOBs.
The Coast Guard notes this comment without endorsing its validity.
We reviewed and analyzed the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration's Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (NOAA/
GLERL) Report and Coast Guard monitoring data (Coast Guard unpublished
data) and these analyses show that NOBOB vessels are carrying hundreds
of tons of ballast water. Of the 103 foreign flag ships NOAA/GLERL
boarded from December 2000 to December 2002, residual water surveyed
ranged from negligible to 200 tons, and sediment accumulation ranged
from negligible to 100 tons, with sixty percent of vessels estimated to
have less than 10 tons. The Coast Guard inspected 36 vessels from May
2005 to July 2005 and the average amount of residual water and sediment
per vessel was estimated at only 41.4 cubic meters. Also, of the 36
NOBOB vessels we sampled, approximately 45% of ballast water tanks were
dry. Meaning these tanks were so dry that we could not get even a few
drops of water needed to measure salinity.
The NOAA/GLERL NOBOB Project Report noted the majority of the NIS
introduction risk is associated with fresh and brackish residual waters
due to compatibility of the organisms native to these environments and
the Great Lakes. Of the 36 vessels we inspected, approximately 30% of
the tanks contained residual ballast water with a salinity of 30 ppt or
greater, and only 16% of the tanks with residual ballast water
contained fresh or brackish residual water.
The Coast Guard received 10 comments stating that we should require
saltwater flushing for vessels carrying residual ballast water that
enter the Great Lakes.
The Coast Guard agrees with this comment and through this notice we
strongly recommend that vessels carrying residual ballast water conduct
saltwater flushing prior to entering the Great Lakes. A more detailed
discussion of this practice takes place further in this notice in the
Best Management Practices Section.
Three commenters stated that the Coast Guard should set BWD
standards for NOBOBs that are developed through regional collaboration
and are based on federally defined ballast water management standards
and consistent among all the Great Lakes states and provinces.
Additionally, five commenters stated that the Coast Guard should
implement the BWD standard for all vessels.
As stated previously, the Coast Guard is already developing a BWD
standard for all vessels, which includes NOBOB vessels. We expect the
standard to be environmentally protective, scientifically sound, and
enforceable so that when vessels use Coast Guard approved ballast water
treatment systems, NIS introductions will be greatly reduced from all
vessels generally, including NOBOBs. The standard will be used to
approve ballast water treatment systems. However, NISA allows for
ballast water treatment as an option along with ballast water exchange,
and therefore, those vessels able to conduct an exchange prior to
entering the Great Lakes will be able to do so even after the ballast
water discharge standard is issued.
Five commenters asked the Coast Guard to close the NOBOB loophole;
that is, to change the applicability of the Great Lakes Ballast Water
Management Program from vessels carrying ballast water to vessels
equipped with ballast water tanks. One commenter stated that this
change should occur for the interim, until a ballast water discharge
standard is set.
The Coast Guard disagrees with this comment. The Coast Guard
believes that developing effective and practicable ballast water
management strategies for NOBOBs is the best way to address the risk of
NIS introductions by these vessels. Requiring NOBOB vessels to comply
with current ballast water management regulations for vessels
entering the Great Lakes will not adequately prevent NIS introductions
from NOBOBs since they cannot complete a mid-ocean ballast water
exchange enroute to the Great Lakes. The Coast Guard believes that the
separate, interim, management approach described in this notice is the
best way to address the risk of NIS introductions from NOBOBs until the
BWD standard is in place.
Eight commenters said that the Coast Guard should implement ballast
water management requirements for NOBOBs that provide them with the
? Conduct open ocean ballast water exchange, if such
practices are found to be safe, or can be made safe, for NOBOB vessels;
? Retain their residual ballast water; or
? Employ an alternative treatment.
The Coast Guard finds implementing the suggested comments difficult
at this time. NOBOBs cannot conduct mid-ocean exchange because they are
carrying cargo and do not have sufficient freeboard to safely add sea
water to their ballast tanks sufficient to complete an exchange. Adding
ballast water to a vessel when it is fully loaded with cargo can be
unsafe to the crew and to the vessel due to loss of stability and
freeboard. The risk of NIS introduction from NOBOB vessels occurs when
these vessels, while discharging cargo in a Great Lakes port, take on
Great Lakes water as ballast water, and this ballast water mixes with
residual ballast water and sediment and is subsequently discharged into
the Great Lakes when the vessel loads cargo destined for ports outside
the Great Lakes. Requiring the vessel to retain their ballast water or
residual would impair the vessel's ability to carry cargo out of the
Great Lakes. NOBOB vessels cannot employ an alternative treatment
without approval by the Coast Guard. To date, there are no vessels that
have requested approval of alternative treatment methods.
Two commenters stated that residual ballast water should be
exchanged whenever possible. One commenter further elaborated by saying
residual water should be exchanged in a saline environment of low
turbidity at every opportunity.
The Coast Guard agrees with the commenters and through this notice
of policy, we will be requesting vessels with residual ballast water to
conduct a saltwater flush whenever possible, prior to entering the U.S.
One commenter stated that future ballast water management
regulations from international or national efforts should equally apply
to NOBOBs and to vessels carrying ballast water.
The Coast Guard believes that once the ballast water discharge
standard is in place, vessel owners will be able to treat ballast water
prior to discharging it regardless of whether or not they carry ballast
water or declare NOBOB.
Seven commenters stated that for the remainder of the 2005 shipping
season and/or beyond, NOBOB vessels should be required to retain their
untreated ballast onboard or barred from entering the Great Lakes.
Further two commenters stated that retention should take place when
these NOBOB vessels take on Great Lakes water as ballast water.
The Coast Guard disagrees with these comments. It is unreasonable
to require all NOBOBs to retain untreated residual ballast water or
residual ballast water that has been mixed with Great Lakes water or
prevent vessels carrying cargo and no ballast from entering the Great
Lakes. The suggested requirements would severely restrict the movement
of cargo into and out of the Great Lakes. The Coast Guard believes a
risk-based approach focused on NOBOB vessels with fresh and/or brackish
residual waters is the best way forward.
Three commenters said that the Coast Guard should require NOBOB
vessels to have BWM plans.
The Coast Guard agrees and since September 27, 2004, all vessels
entering and operating in U.S. waters have been required to have a BWM
plan onboard, including NOBOBs. This plan must show the specific
vessel's ballast water management strategy as well as document those
responsible for the plan's implementation have been trained and
understand the plan.
One commenter suggested that we should also look at other vectors
for NIS introductions such as hull fouling, heat exchangers, and bilge
The Coast Guard appreciates this comment and recognizes that there
are other mechanisms for introductions of NIS via the vector of
commercial shipping. The Coast Guard is currently focusing its
regulatory efforts on preventing NIS introductions via ballast water
and specifically from NOBOBs. Therefore, this comment is beyond the
scope of the original request for comments.
One commenter suggested that arrangements be made to involve and
encourage Canadian participation in a Great Lakes NOBOB rulemaking.
The Coast Guard notes this comment. Canada has recently announced
their first proposed regulations for vessels entering the Great Lakes.
Also, the U.S. and Canada are discussing cooperative approaches to
ballast water management on the Great Lakes, within current regulatory
authority and under the International Maritime Organization's (IMO)
Ballast Water Management Convention of 2004.
Three commenters said that the Coast Guard should require all
oceangoing ships to clean and remove sediment.
The Coast Guard already requires vessels equipped with ballast
water tanks that operate in U.S. waters to regularly clean their
ballast water tanks to remove sediment (33 CFR 151.2035(a)(3)).
One commenter suggested that the Coast Guard should forward the
NOAA/GLERL NOBOB Report to IMO.
The Coast Guard notes this comment and is one of several co-
sponsors of the NOAA/GLERL report. We will present a summary of this
report at a future IMO Marine Environmental Protection Committee
meeting if we have the opportunity.
One commenter said that the Coast Guard should use a risk-based
approach for NOBOBs.
The Coast Guard agrees with this comment. The Best Management
Practices discussed below do use a risk-based approach and are targeted
at eliminating the residual water with the highest risk of introducing
NIS from fresh and brackish water ecosystems into the Great Lakes.
One commenter asked the Coast Guard to develop a system to track
and identify ships that pose the greatest risk.
The Coast Guard disagrees with this comment. We know from the work
performed by NOAA/GLERL, the highest risk NOBOB tanks carry fresh or
brackish residual water. Because of the ways cargo and ballast water
are managed on ships, the risk of NIS introduction can vary
significantly across individual tanks in a single ship. In addition,
the risk can be dramatically reduced through the regular use of the
Best Management Practices described further in this notice. This will
result in a reduction of high-risk NIS introductions through the
elimination of fresh and brackish residual ballast water.
Two commenters stated that the Coast Guard should require cargo be
transferred at the entrance of the Great Lakes. Further, one commenter
said we should review the option of shutting down the Saint Lawrence
Seaway until NOBOB management strategies are in place.
The Coast Guard disagrees with this comment. We do not have the
authority under NISA to require vessels to lighten their load, to
transfer their cargo to other modes at the entrance of the Great
Lakes, or shutdown the St. Lawrence Seaway. Also, the suggested
requirements would severely restrict the movement of cargo into and out
of the Great Lakes.
One commenter suggested that the Coast Guard require ships to have
tamper-proof meters that document volumes, salinity, time and Global
Positioning System (GPS) locations of ballast water taken on and
discharged all over the world and submit this data to the Coast Guard
prior to entry into U.S. waters and monthly while in U.S. waters.
The Coast Guard disagrees with this comment. The Coast Guard
already requires ships that enter and/or operate in U.S. waters to
submit their ballast water reporting forms. These reports already
provide us with the locations (latitude and longitude) of where ballast
water was taken on and discharged as well as the dates that these
activities took place. Coast Guard compliance evaluation activities
involve validating the information provided on these forms with
information in vessel logs without the need for additional specialized
equipment to be installed on the vessel.
Two commenters asked the Coast Guard to develop education and
outreach initiatives for the shipping industry to assist the industry
with complying with BWM regulations.
The Coast Guard agrees and will provide additional guidance and
training to the shipping industry so they can be better equipped to
comply with our BWM regulations and policies.
Comments Regarding Research and Treatment
Five commenters stated that the Coast Guard should work with vessel
owners, operators and other maritime industry stakeholders and provide
incentives to continue research and development on ballast water
management technologies, notably NOBOB vessels. Furthermore, one
commenter stated we should review and analyze technologies.
The Coast Guard already provides incentives to ship owners to
further the development of ballast water treatment technologies through
the Shipboard Technology Evaluation Program (STEP). This program was
established in January 2004, through a Navigation and Inspection
Circular (NVIC 01-04), and announced in a Notice of Availability
published in the Federal Register on January 7, 2004 (69 FR 1082).
Information on STEP can be found at: <A HREF="http://www.uscg.mil/hq/g-m/mso/step.htm">http://www.uscg.mil/hq/g-m/mso/
step.htm</A>. The Coast Guard also has ongoing efforts to review
the development of technologies.
One commenter recommended the use of a ``closed-loop'' ballast
water treatment process of ultraviolet radiation and filtration to
address NIS introductions via NOBOBs.
The Coast Guard appreciates this comment and suggests the commenter
work with a ship owner to submit an application to STEP so that we may
further determine the efficacy and operational capability of this
Two commenters stated that the Coast Guard should analyze the use
of the following options to manage NOBOBs: ferrate, filtration, UV,
ozonation, washdown-pumpout with scavenger pumps w/caustic soda, and/or
The Coast Guard appreciates this comment and is tracking the
development of these options; however, the Coast Guard will not require
specific treatment options at this time. Vessels fitted with these
treatment methods must apply to the Coast Guard for their approval for
use in meeting the ballast water management regulations. Until a BWD
standard is promulgated, ballast water management systems on vessels
would be approved on a vessel-by-vessel basis. In addition, vessels
using treatment systems must comply with all state water quality
discharge limits for chemicals.
Seven commenters said that the Coast Guard's long-term goal should
be zero discharge of living organisms from vessels entering the Great
Lakes. One commenter further stated this could be achieved by such
management options as filtration, ultraviolet radiation, and/or
The Coast Guard disagrees that the long-term goal should be zero
discharge of living organisms in the Great Lakes. According to our
current authority under NISA, the long term goal is to prevent NIS
introductions into the waters of the U.S. from ballast water, and this
goal may be achieved without a zero discharge requirement. Once the BWD
standard is developed, we will approve those technologies that meet the
standard in an effort to prevent the introduction of NIS into the Great
Two commenters suggested that the Coast Guard consider shore-side
treatment options especially for a centralized facility in the Saint
Lawrence Seaway, which seem reasonable and are cost effective.
Although the Coast Guard appreciates this comment, the Coast Guard
is not involved in the regulatory or approval process for land-based
ballast water treatment facilities. Anyone wishing to establish a
ballast water reception facility that would discharge to waters of the
United States would need to obtain a National Pollutant Discharge
Elimination System (NPDES) permit under the Clean Water Act. In
addition, all appropriate Federal, State, and local permits would need
to be obtained.
One commenter stated that techniques to enhance flow-through or
empty-refill exchange of NOBOBs should be the outcome of the Coast
Guard technical workshop that was held immediately after the NOBOB
The Coast Guard agrees that techniques to enhance flow-through and
empty-refill exchange for NOBOBs should be evaluated. Ballast water
exchange and other management options for NOBOBs were discussed during
the technical workshop.
One commenter said that in cases where ballast water must be
discharged into the Great Lakes, ships should use best available
treatment technologies to be installed by 2006 in combination with
mandatory ballast water management practices.
The Coast Guard notes this comment. Prior to Coast Guard approval,
alternative treatment technologies must be reviewed to determine the
efficacy and operational capabilities of the treatment systems, as well
as the need to address the operational requirements of placing systems
onboard ships. Alternative ballast water management practices for
vessels must be approved by the Coast Guard, which is also time-intensive.
Comments Regarding Enforcement and Compliance
One commenter stated that the Coast Guard should conduct random
inspections with fines of $5 million and seizure of each vessel that
was not in compliance.
The Coast Guard disagrees with this comment. Every vessel entering
the Great Lakes is subject to an inspection upon entering the Saint
Lawrence Seaway. We conduct ballast water examinations for vessels
carrying ballast water, and examinations for vessels that are NOBOBs.
The Coast Guard verifies that the information reported is accurate, and
sampling is carried out to determine compliance. If vessels are not in
compliance with the ballast water exchange requirements, vessels are
required to retain their ballast onboard for their entire voyage in the
Great Lakes or they must go out 200 nautical miles from land and to
water 2000 meters in depth to conduct ballast water exchange. Dollar
value limits on civil penalties are provided by NISA and adjusted for
Three commenters recommended that the Coast Guard require strict
compliance with the current Great Lakes Ballast Water Management
regulations for NOBOBs, and require retention or the use of an
effective treatment system prior to discharging ballast water.
Once the Coast Guard establishes a BWD standard, we will be able to
approve effective ballast water treatment systems to be used prior to
discharge for those vessels unable to conduct ballast water exchange,
including NOBOB vessels. Until then, the Coast Guard believes
implementation of the best management practices is the better option
for NOBOB vessels.
Eight commenters stated that the Coast Guard should have an
enforcement and compliance program in place for NOBOBs. One commenter
further stated that this program should be as stringent as those for
ballasted vessels, including restriction from entering the Great Lakes.
The Coast Guard disagrees with this comment. As the NOBOB policy
will ask vessels to conduct saltwater flushing and other practices to
maintain high salinity residual waters in ballast tanks, we cannot
enforce vessel compliance with a voluntary program. However, we will be
conducting a monitoring program to determine the efficacy of this
practice in reducing fresh and brackish residual water carried by NOBOB
vessels into the Great Lakes.
Best Management Practices for Vessels Declaring No Ballast Onboard That
Enter the Great Lakes
The masters, owners, operators, or persons-in-charge of vessels
equipped with ballast water tanks and voyage plans including transits
to ports or places in the Great Lakes (including the Hudson River,
North of the George Washington Bridge), should do the following:
? Conduct mid-ocean ballast water exchange during ballast-
laden voyages in an area 200 nautical miles from any shore and in water
2000 meters deep whenever possible, prior to entering the U.S. EEZ.
? For vessels unable to conduct mid-ocean ballast water
exchange, conduct saltwater flushing of their empty ballast water tanks
in an area 200 nautical miles from any shore, whenever possible. For
the purposes of this policy, saltwater flushing is defined as the
addition of mid-ocean water to empty ballast water tanks; the mixing of
the flush water with residual water and sediment through the motion of
the vessel; and the discharge of the mixed water, such that the
resultant residual water remaining in the tank has as high a salinity
as possible, and preferably is greater than 30 parts per thousand
(ppt). The vessel should take on as much mid-ocean water into each tank
as is safe (for the vessel and crew) in order to conduct saltwater
flushing. The master of the vessel is responsible for ensuring the
safety of the vessel, crew, and passengers.
The masters, owners, operators, or persons-in-charge of vessels
equipped with ballast water tanks, declaring NOBOB and bound for ports
or places in the Great Lakes (including the Hudson River, North of the
George Washington Bridge) should take particular care to conduct
saltwater flushing on the transit to the Great Lakes so as to eliminate
fresh and or brackish water residuals in ballast tanks.
NOBOB vessels that conduct these best management practices should
incorporate them into their required ballast water management plan
onboard their vessels. The requirements for ballast water management
plans are found in 33 CFR 151.2035(a)(7). Also, NOBOB vessels are
reminded that there are required ballast water management practices for
vessels equipped with ballast water tanks that operate in U.S. waters,
regarding avoiding ballasting operations in certain situations,
sediment removal, and the cleaning of ballast tanks. These requirements
are found in 33 CFR 151.2035(a).
The Coast Guard will monitor NOBOB vessels engaging in the best
management practices during normal pre-arrival processing (or when
updated ballast water reporting forms are obtained) and note the
results in the U.S. Coast Guard's Marine Safety Detachment Massena's
Vessel Matrix. NOBOB vessels that conducted mid-ocean exchange the last
time the tanks contained ballast water should indicate that they have
done so when submitting their Ballast Water Reporting Form (OMB Control
No. 1625-0069) by filling out the appropriate information in Section 4.
Ballast Water Management and in Section 5. Ballast Water History.
NOBOB vessels that conduct saltwater flushing should indicate that
they have done so in the Ballast Water Reporting Form in Section 4.
Ballast Water Management, by checking off the ``Underwent Alternative
Management'' box and indicating that the vessel underwent saltwater
flushing in the ``specify alternative method'' line. NOBOB vessels that
conducted saltwater flushing should also fill out Section 5. Ballast
NOBOB vessels that use a U.S. Coast Guard approved alternative
method (treatment) to ballast water exchange, should indicate they have
done so in the Ballast Water Reporting Form in Section 4. Ballast Water
Management, by checking off the ``Underwent Alternative Management''
box and indicating that the vessel underwent the specific alternative
method in the ``specify alternative method'' line. NOBOB vessels that
use a U.S. Coast Guard approved alternative method should also fill out
Section 5. Ballast Water History.
For more information and examples on how to correctly fill out a
ballast water reporting form, please visit the following Web site at:
The Coast Guard will take samples of residual water from the
ballast tanks of NOBOB vessels in order to determine the efficacy of
this program. If we determine that this program is not effective in
preventing the introduction of NIS into the Great Lakes, the Coast
Guard may consider other alternatives.
In accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
(Section 102(2)(c)), as implemented by the Council of Environment
Quality regulations (40 CFR parts 1500-1508) and Coast Guard Policy for
Considering Environmental Impacts (COMDTINST M16475.1D), the Coast
Guard has prepared a draft Environmental Assessment (EA) to consider
the environmental impacts of implementing the best management practices
for NOBOB vessels. The draft EA identifies and examines those
reasonable alternatives needed to effectively reduce NIS introductions
into the Great Lakes via NOBOB vessels. The draft EA analyzed the no
action alternative and one action alternative that could fulfill the
purpose and need of establishing best management practices for NOBOB
vessels to reduce NIS introductions into the Great Lakes. Specifically,
the draft EA considered potential effects to the natural and human
environments by incorporating environmental analyses previously
conducted for establishing ballast water management regulations for
U.S. waters. These analyses are available in the docket. Therefore, we
are requesting your comments on environmental concerns you may have
related to the draft EA. This includes methodologies for use in the
draft EA or possible sources of data or information not included in the
draft EA. Your comments will be considered in preparing a Finding of No
Significant Impact (FONSI) and final PEA.
Dated: August 19, 2005.
Rear Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Assistant Commandant for Marine Safety,
Security and Environmental Protection.
[FR Doc. 05-17426 Filed 8-29-05; 12:21 pm]
BILLING CODE 4910-15-P
EPA's Federal Register: http://epa.gov/fedreg/
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