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GLIN==> EPA's paper on nanotechnology



Today's federal register

[Federal Register: February 15, 2007 (Volume 72, Number 31)]
[Notices]              
[Page 7435]
 From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr15fe07-56]                        

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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
[FRL-8278-9]

Notice of Availability of the Final Nanotechnology White Paper.

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
ACTION: Notice of Document Availability.

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SUMMARY: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing
the availability of the final ``Nanotechnology White Paper'' (EPA/100/
B-07/001, February 2007). The purpose of the White Paper is to inform
EPA management of the science issues and needs associated with
nanotechnology, to support related EPA program office needs, and to
communicate these nanotechnology science issues to stakeholders and the
public. Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at
dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena
enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering
and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling
and manipulating matter at this length scale. At the nanoscale, the
physical, chemical and biological properties of materials may differ in
fundamental and valuable ways from the properties of individual atoms
and molecules or bulk matter. Nanotechnology presents new opportunities
to improve how we measure, monitor, manage and minimize contaminants in
the environment. New generations of nanomaterials will evolve and with
them new and possibly unforeseen environmental issues.
    The White Paper provides a basic description of nanotechnology, why
EPA is interested in it, potential environmental benefits of
nanotechnology, risk assessment issues specific to nanotechnology, and
a discussion of responsible development of nanotechnology and the
Agency's statutory mandates. The paper then provides an extensive
review of research needs for both environmental applications and
implications of nanotechnology. To help EPA focus on priorities for the
near term, the paper concludes with staff recommendations for
addressing science issues and research needs, and includes prioritized
research needs within most risk assessment topic areas (e.g., human
health effects research, fate and transport research). In addition, the
White Paper includes as Appendix C ``EPA's Nanotechnology Research
Framework.'' The Nanotechnology Research Framework outlines how EPA
will strategically focus its own research program to provide key
information on potential environmental impacts from human or ecological
exposure to nanomaterials in a manner that complements other federal,
academic, and private-sector research activities. The Framework was
developed by a cross agency team as a follow-up effort to the White
Paper. The White Paper and Framework note the importance of complementing
EPA's own research program by collaborating with other researchers.

ADDRESSES: The final document is available electronically through the
Office of the Science Advisor's Web site at: <A HREF="http://www.epa.gov/osa/nanotech.htm";>http://www.epa.gov/osa/
nanotech.htm</A>. A limited number of paper copies will be available from
EPA's National Service Center for Environmental Publications (NSCEP),
P.O. Box 42419, Cincinnati, OH 45242; telephone 1-800-490-9198;
facsimile 301-604-3408; e-mail <A HREF="mailto:NSCEP@bps-lmit.com";>NSCEP@bps-lmit.com</A>. Please provide your
name and mailing addresses and the title and EPA number of the
requested publication.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Kathryn Gallagher, Office of the
Science Advisor, Mail Code 8105-R, Environmental Protection Agency,
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20460; telephone number:
(202) 564-1398; fax number: (202) 564-2070, E-mail: <A HREF="mailto:gallagher.kathryn@epa.gov";>
gallagher.kathryn@epa.gov</A>.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In December 2004, EPA's Science Policy
Council created a cross-Agency workgroup charged with describing key
science issues EPA should consider to ensure that society accrues the
important benefits to environmental protection that nanotechnology may
offer, as well as to better understand any potential risks from
exposure to nanomaterials in the environment. This paper is the product
of that workgroup. The draft paper was released as an external peer
review draft in December 2005, and a Federal Register Notice (70 FR
75812) announced its availability and the opening of a docket for
public comments. The document underwent independent peer review during
an April 2006 expert peer review meeting (71 FR 14205), which was
convened, organized and conducted by an EPA contractor. The external
peer review meeting was publicly held, all public comments received in
the docket were shared with the peer reviewers, and members of the
public were also invited to give oral or provide written comments at
the workshop regarding the draft document under review. The EPA revised
the draft following the peer review meeting, and peer review and public
comments were taken into consideration in finalizing the document.

    Dated: February 12, 2007.
George M. Gray,
EPA Science Advisor.
[FR Doc. E7-2768 Filed 2-14-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P

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Comments: http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/comments.htm
Search: http://epa.gov/fedreg/search.htm
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