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P2 and Tourism
Can anyone help Christina? Please e-mail her directly as she is not a member.
>X-Sender: email@example.com (Unverified)
>Date: Thu, 22 May 1997 16:01:44 +0200
>From: Christina Salmhofer <firstname.lastname@example.org>
>PROJECT CONCEPT, CONDUCTED TOGETHER WITH UNEP:
>"RENEWABLE ENERGY AS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR TOURISM FACILITIES IN ORDER TO AVOID
>CO2 TAXATION: ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMICAL COSTS AND BENEFITS"
>MY QUESTIONS TO THIS PROJECT WHICH I WILL CARRY OUT TOGETHER WITH UNEP ARE
>1.) Who knows about potential tourism facilities (hotels, etc) - preferably
>ski-resorts - who did implement alternative forms of energy as solar, wind,
>biomass, etc.? What were the drivers, hinders and preconditions for the
>2.) Who could provide me with addresses of manufactureres of alternative
>forms of energy, producing solar cells, biomass reactors, wind mills,
>etc..... it could help me to identify tourism facilities to those they sold
>their new technologies.
>3.)Do you know research institutes all over the world - e.g. the
>solar-research-institute, which should be situated in Sierra Nevada, Spain,
>Europe - who are working within this field and which have preferably also
>worked together with tourism facilities?
>Please send any relevant information to my email-address:
1. PROJECT DESCRIPTION
>Tourism is already the world’s largest industry, and the EU leads
>other regions with the biggest share of Tourism output.
>· In 1995, Tourism, directly and indirectly, is expected to
>generate 13.4% of GDP and 1 in 8 jobs in the EU
>· Globally, the industry is forecast to grow at a real term rate of 5.5% per
>annum over the next decade.
>With this position in the economy the Tourism sector has a moral
>responsibility to take the lead in making the transition towards sustainable
>development. It also has a vested interest in doing so as its product
>ultimately relies on clean seas, pristine mountain slopes, unpolluted water
>Energy represents a key issue for tourism facilities as it is a very
>energy-intensive industry due to significant business costs. On the other
>hand, since global environmental issues, especially global warming , have
>come to occupy a prominent place in public policy since late 1980s, tourism
>facilities are focusing now on an increasing range of new practices and
>technologies in the field of energy.
>A sustainable concept in energy management is the hierarchy comprising
>priority to reduce, then to use renewable and last to use non-renewable energy.
>2. PURPOSE AND CONTENT OF STUDY
>It is essential to provide decision-makers in regards to tourism facilities
>with information on cleaner technologies options in regards to switching
>from non-renewable to renewable energy (here: solar and biomass energy).
>The emphasis is to simplify the process by providing practical information
>and advice to assist operators in meeting their environmental and business
>objectives. This should help them to reduce energy consumption while at the
>same time to minimise environmental impacts by cutting emissions of
>greenhouse gases and other pollutants usually associated with energy
>generation and help them to avoid higher anticipated CO2 taxation.
>The study will address all main aspects of interest for developers and
>managers of tourism facilities in making decisions in terms of engineering
>information relevant to the various options. The objective is to provide
>information and know-how about usage and conditions for installation and
>maintenance. It will further on identify barriers (political, financial,
>managerial, etc.) and precondition feasibility i.e. in terms of biomass
>availability, dimension, capacity, space needs, climate, aesthetics, etc. of
>The paper will identify arguments for the ecological and economical benefits
>and cost-effectiveness of those cleaner technology applications, e.g.
>indicating what and how far technology options have promoted both resource
>savings and reduced adverse environmental impacts over the entire life cycle
>of the operation. In addition, it will present an analysis of the
>differences of energy policies which the various governments developed and
>implemented in order to achieve both energy and environmental goals in an
>efficient and effective fashion and make recommendations about governmental
>policies (e.g. taxation, surcharge policy, etc.).
>This will be a useful informational tool for governments, hotel industries &
>associations to identify and highlight their optimal alternative(s) in order
>to share their experiences and successes in this area. The case studies and
>results could effectively act as a catalyst towards performance improvement
>for the tourism sector.
>The report is to provide insight into how tourism facilities throughout
>mainly Austria and Sweden have attained the promotion alternative use of
>energy by reporting about present applications of solar and biomass energy
>options. In addition, with the support of energy consultants potential
>applicable pilot-case-studies will be identified, which could be then easily
>modified to a variety of different conditions.
>A framework for the case studies will be prepared and sent out to the case
>After establishing the framework for collecting the information from both
>tourism facilities and energy experts, the information will be analysed,
>synthesised and necessary tourism to the sites will be conducted.
>Thanks so much.
>S-226 43 Lund