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RE: Need Information, Please Help...
Here is a document that I created about a year ago. It is titled
"Electronic Access to Environmental Management Information".
I have not checked the web sites since last year. I expect some are
out dated, and no longer functioning, but I think you will find it of
P.S. I put the document in text format to make sure you could read
it, but some formatting was lost... (the original is in Word 6.0)
Allan Butler, Senior Engineer
Concurrent Technologies Corporation (CTC)
510 Washington Ave, Suite 120
Bremerton, WA 98337-1844
From: ROBERT SINGLETON [SMTP:SINGLETON.ROBERT@epamail.epa.gov]
Sent: Thursday, September 04, 1997 6:05 AM
To: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Subject: Need Information, Please Help...
Dear P2 Techies,
I am trying to make a guide for finding
resources on pollution prevention. This
is not some grandiose publication. It is
just a guide that will help the layman
find information about pollution
prevention. In this guide I would like to
provide web sites, magazines,
government publications, state and
local agencies, books, and maybe
valuable contacts. In writing this I have
stumbled across a few guides that are
industry specific. I might include
information on obtaining industry
specific P2 programs. But I think that
might be going beyond the scope of this
If you know of any good resources for
finding information on pollution
prevention please send it to me. I will
be most gracious.
Robert C. Singleton III
US Environmental Protection Agency
Dept. of Civil and Environmental
firstname.lastname@example.orgElectronic Access to Environmental
Program managers need information to make decision on the development,
production, and deployment of their system. With environemtnal laws and
regulations requiring greater environmental consideration and posing greater
penalties for incorrect decisions, it has become increasingly more important
for program managers to have rapid access to validated environmental
information. But, different kinds of information are needed in each phase
of system development. The five phases of system development are:
Phase I Phase II Phase III Phase IV Phase V
Concept Exploration Demonstration & Validation Engineering & Manufacturing
Development Production & Deployment Disposal (Reuse - Recycle)
Most of the environmental information needed by program managers is
available electronically. With the explosive growth of the internet and the
World Wide Web (WWW), valuable environmental information is added each day.
Electronic transfer and sharing of information is becoming easier even with
A brief description of the activities in each phase follows. Each of the
development phases have different environmental philosophies that dominate
decisions. The type of environmental information needed in each of the
system development phases depends on the environmental philosophy adopted by
the integrated product development team.
1.1 Phase I - Concept Exploration
During phase I the integrated product development team is organized, and an
acquisition strategy and production plan are developed. All reasonable
system alternatives are identified and classified by risk level. Critical
components may be prototyped. A feasibility estimate is accomplished to
determine if the system design concept can be produced using existing
manufacturing technology while meeting the cost, schedule, and performance
requirements. Alternative locations for system production and system
deployment are evaluated. The environmental philosophy that dominates phase
I decisions is that of sustainability. That is, a system that would not
have any adverse impact on the environment.
1.2 Phase II - Demonstration and Validation
In phase II, system design concept alternatives are evaluated to reduce
risks for the full scale engineering development (phase III). Cost,
schedule, performance, and supportability trade-offs are made. A system
development specification is written and a detailed cost estimate completed.
An initial manufacturing plan is developed. Producibility and
supportability are evaluated. In phase II the product team begins detailed
designing and should use the Design for the Environment (DfE) philosophies.
1.3 Phase III - Engineering & Manufacturing Development
Development of the selected system is completed in phase III. Limited
production is initiated in order to accomplish operational testing and
evaluation. Life-Cycle-Cost estimates are validated. System design is firm
and ready for production. Manufacturing and repair processes are defined
and proofed. Deployment sites prepare for arrival of first system, and
operational and maintenance training is developed. Determine packing,
shipping, and storage requirements for the system. The environmental
philosophies that dominate phase III decisions are that of DfE and pollution
1.4 Phase IV - Production and Deployment
Produce the system on schedule and on budget. Achieve readiness for system
deployment including personnel training, maintenance, spares support, and
overhaul. Accomplish value engineering on the system and processes. In
phase IV largest benefits from previous environmental work, sustainability,
design for the environment, and pollution prevention, will be realized. The
environmental philosophy that normally dominates during production and
deployment is compliance and waste treatment. However, value engineering
efforts to continually improve system design as well as manufacturing and
repair processes should follow the pollution prevention philosophy.
1.5 Phase V - Disposal
When a system has reached the end of it's useful life, decisions for system
"retirement" are made. During phase V previous environmental efforts will
show benefits in ease of recycling and component reuse. The environmental
philosophies that dominates decisions in phase V are recycling and disposal
2.0 SustainablE Development
Examining the issue of sustainable development, it is necessary to examine
the concept itself. The concept of "sustainable development" is not new.
The term "sustainable development", however, is a recent invention, coming
into common usage following the publication of the Brundtland Report (1987).
The Brundtland Commission is responsible for the most frequently cited
definition of sustainable development: "to meet the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own
needs". In the development of new products we must consider the ability of
future generations to meet the maintenance needs of the product as well as
the future needs to build new and better products. The following WWW sites
are very informative in the area of sustainable development.
Institute for Local Self-Reliance (ILSR) - A nonprofit research and
educational organization that provides technical assistance and information
on environmentally sound economic development strategies, ILSR has
information and publications on issues such as replacing petrochemicals with
Resource Renewal Institute (RRI)
The Resource Renewal Institute (RRI) is a nonprofit organization founded in
1983 to support innovative environmental management in the U.S. and
worldwide. RRI's main role is to advocate the implementation of Green
Plans, which are long-term, comprehensive environmental strategies.
Headquartered in San Francisco and Marin County, California, RRI also
maintains offices in Washington, DC, Europe, and New Zealand.
Sustainable Development - International Institute for Sustainable
Development (IISD) is a not-for-profit corporation, established by the
Governments of Canada and Manitoba. IISD's mandate is to promote sustainable
development in decision making within government, business and the daily
lives of individuals in Canada and internationally. It is directed by an
independent international board, and supported by Canadian and other
international donors. The internet site includes various information on
sustainable development, and a database.
Yellow Mountain Institute for Sustainable Living - The Yellow Mountain
Institute for Sustainable Living is a not-for-profit organization located in
the Blue Ridge Mountains of Central Virginia. Their goal is to facilitate
the widespread introduction of building techniques that will increase the
supply of affordable, energy-efficient housing regionally and throughout the
Green Cross International - Digital Forum: Digital Forum serves to create
an on-line and evolving forum on core environmental issues. This forum
promotes the interaction of views from the diverse participants in the
debate. It will also involve world leaders and decision-makers in
OneWorld Online is the world's largest independent Web site devoted
exclusively to sustainable development and is the Internet's meeting place
for everyone who is interested in global themes, such as peace, justice,
development and human rights
Links to Sustainable Development Information: A list of sustainable
development sites available on the internet.
3.0 Design for the Environment
Design for Environment (DfE) is the systematic consideration during design
of issues associated with environmental safety and health over the entire
product life cycle. DfE can be thought of as the migration of traditional
pollution prevention concepts upstream into the development phase of
products before production and use. DfE is applied to the design of new (or
modification of existing) products, processes, and facilities. The
objective is to minimize or eliminate during design, the anticipated waste
generation and resource consumption in all subsequent life cycle phases.
The following WWW sites contain valuable information pertaining to DfE.
Carnegie Mellon University - Green Design Initiative: The Green Design
Initiative is a major interdisciplinary research effort to make an impact on
environmental quality through green design. The central idea of the
initiative is to form partnerships with companies, government agencies and
foundations to develop pioneering design, management and manufacturing
processes that can improve environmental quality and product quality while
enhancing economic development. Carnegie Mellon researchers are working to
address the regulatory issues that shape the global marketplace.
Researchers will have access to policy and management tools for
environmentally conscious manufacturing and product and process design, as
well as opportunities to explore comprehensive solutions to problems such as
hazardous emissions, use of toxic materials and inefficient energy usage.
CERES Global Knowledge Network - The primary mission of the CERES-GKN
initiative is the creation of a loosely interconnected, globally
distributed, and locally administered set of knowledge bases on
environmentally sound product development processes to promote environmental
sustainability. The GKN will be accessible through a variety of user
interfaces to accommodate the diverse user community and will provide
gateways to pay-for-use, proprietary knowledge sources. It will enable any
person involved in any stage of product/process dm_info.html
4.0 Pollution Prevention
The UCLA Center for Clean Technology, founded in 1990, employs a focused,
multi- disciplinary approach to pressing environmental challenges. The goal
of the Center is to create a science, engineering, and human resource base
for the design of clean, economically competitive technologies. Pollution
prevention research includes a strong focus on process industries and
Center for Technology Transfer and Pollution Prevention (CT2P2) - Purdue
University and U.S. EPA Region 5 established the Center for Technology
Transfer and Pollution Prevention at the Purdue University Agricultural
Engineering Department in 1992. The Center provides Environmental
Ambassadors with the tools necessary to transfer technical information about
the environment and pollution prevention worldwide. The Center develops and
evaluates new computer-based pollution prevention and technology transfer
opportunities. In addition, the Center is dedicated to supporting
technology transfer at all levels, and discovering new knowledge by
developing, evaluating and improving the effectiveness of the educational
transfer process. The CT2P2 has developed a series of over 30 PC-based
computer programs on various aspects of the environment and pollution
prevention. These programs can be downloaded and include topics on
groundwater education, management of domestic wastes, and pesticide storage.
Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center / Industrial Assessment Center Program -
This site contains databases and other information developed under a grant
from the US Department of Energy, through the Energy Analysis and Diagnostic
Center / Industrial Assessment Center Program. Rutgers University and The
Office Industrial Productivity and Energy Assessment (OIPEA) are currently
serving as a national field manager of the EADC program. The program
provides funds to university faculty and students to perform assessments of
industrial operations at nearby manufacturing sites. There are currently 30
schools around the country who participate in the program. Data is gathered
from each of these assessments and compiled into publicly available
databases located on this WWW server.
Environmentally Conscious Design & Manufacturing Lab - Green Engineering WWW
Servers A listing of academic sites and research centers related to
environmentally conscious design and manufacturing.
Hazardous Waste Research and Information Center (HWRIC) - A division of
Illinois' nonregulatory environmental agency, the Department of Energy and
Natural Resources, HWRIC services include clean manufacturing and pollution
prevention technical assistance. An on-line publications listing is available.
National Environmental Information Resources Center (NEIRC) - The George
Washington University, through the Green University Initiative, has
established the NEIRC as a public service. The NEIRC, which maintains close
communications with the US EPA, is located on the main campus of The George
Washington University in Washington, D.C. Information is available for
Environmental Education Programs and Initiatives World Wide and Other
Environmental Internet Sites
National Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NPPR) Pollution Prevention Yellow
This is an update to the Directory of State and Local Pollution Prevention
Programs, published in 1992. The Pollution Prevention Yellow Pages were
compiled from a comprehensive mail and telephone survey effort conducted by
the Roundtable. Surveys were sent to all known state and local government
pollution prevention programs. Provides a listing of organizations and
contacts which are sorted by state.
Toxic Use Reduction Institute (TURI) - P2GEMS is an internet search tool for
facility planners, engineers and managers who are looking for technical and
process/materials management information on the Web. Over 125 sites with
information valuable to TUR planning and pollution prevention have been
selected and catalogued for easy use. P2 GEMS are Web locations accessed by
key words or by selection of one of four categories: product/industry,
chemical/waste, process, or management tools.
University of North Dakota: Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC)
- The EERC is one of the world's leading energy and environmental
facilities. The Center conducts research on all ranks of coal and is
recognized as an international leader in low-rank coal research and
technology. The EERC also has the leading groundwater protection program in
the Upper Midwest. Other programs include advanced power systems, waste
disposal, waste reuse, air emissions control, biomass fuels, energy policy,
contaminant cleanup, and mine land reclamation.
University of Wisconsin-Solid and Hazardous Waste Education Center -
Describes SHWEC programming activities and lists valuable pollution
prevention fact sheets and other resources
WaterWiser (Water Efficiency Clearinghouse) - WaterWiser's mission is to be
the preeminent resource for water efficiency and water conservation
information. WaterWiser is a cooperative project of the American Water
Works Association, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S.
Bureau of Reclamation. Includes a publications listing and links to other
Internet water-related resources.
EPA - Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Division: The division's mission is
to improve building energy and office equipment efficiency for commercial,
industrial, nonprofit, and governmental enterprises. Improve energy
efficiency in residences. Improve efficiency, efficacy, and "environmental
friendliness" of chloroflourocarbon (CFC) substitutes, perflourocarbons
(PFCs), and other industrially-used gases. Capturing and using methane
releases from industrial and agricultural activities instead of releasing it
into the atmosphere.
Energy Pollution Prevention Information Clearinghouse (EPIC): The purpose
of EPIC is to facilitate the exchange of U.S. DOE pollution prevention
information between DOE sites, state and local governments, and private
industries. It includes a file listing of DOE-specific P2 information and a
calendar of upcoming DOE-sponsored conferences, meetings, and training
events related to pollution prevention.
Pollution prevention only works in a society that is wasteful. After a
product fulfills its intended use, resource recovery is done to recover all
the materials or energy possible for the production of the next generation
of products. Recycling is a large part of resource recovery. Material
exchanges have been established to help those seeking materials to meet
those who have the materials.
Environmental Recycling Hotline - Information about recycling programs is
organized by zip code. Databases are present for Arizona, Nevada, Hawaii,
Texas, and Colorado.
Global Recycling Network
A comprehensive Internet recycling information resource. Includes recycling
directories, a reference library on recycling, and a stock page.
National Materials Exchange Network
A free local and international on-line marketplace for trading and recycling
used and surplus materials and goods. With over 10,000 listings, the
Network allows state waste exchanges and industrial and consumer users at no
charge to immediately list or search among thirty categories of available
and wanted items such as scrap metal and surplus chemicals. (The NMEN
recently lost funding, but the WWW site is still there as of 3/15/96)
King County Recycled Procurement Program - Recycling is an integral part of
solid-waste management and depends upon the support of recycled materials
markets. Many governments are making an effort to support recycled
materials markets by purchasing recycled products. To help County agencies
to "buy recycled", King County created a recycled product procurement
program in 1989; this pioneering effort established King County as a leader
in developing applications for recycled products. In 1991, King County
earned the procurement award of the National Recycling Coalition. In these
World-Wide-Web documents, we describe the tools and techniques developed by
King County agencies for purchasing recycled products.
Industrial Materials Exchange (IMEX) - Is a free service designed to help
business find markets for industrial by-products, surplus materials, and
wastes. Through IMEX, waste generators can be matched with waste users.
Inside this WWW catalog are listings of a wide variety of materials
available as well as materials wanted by businesses. Both commonplace and
uncommon items are listed. The listing is broken into 12 categories: Acids,
Alkalis, Solvents, Other Inorganic Chemicals, Other Organic Chemicals,
Oils/Waxes, Plastics/Rubber, Wood/Paper, Textiles/Leather, Metals/Metal
Sludges, Miscellaneous, and Laboratory Chemicals.
Pacific Northwest Laboratory's Guide To Buying Green - The GreenGuide is
published to help trim office waste. The most successful Forbes 500
businesses have discovered the financial benefits of reducing waste,
recycling the remains, and completing the loop by purchasing recycled
products. Purchasing recycled products (known as affirmative procurement)
and reduction/recycling reduce costs by leading to more cost-effective
purchasing and waste management decisions.
Recycler's World - was established to be a world wide trading site for
information relating to secondary or recyclable commodities, by-products,
used and surplus items or materials. Recycler's World has been rated by
Pointcom as among the top 5% of all web-sites of the world. In addition,
NetMall has awarded Recycler's world with its Excellence in Commerce rating.
Includes listing of exchange services and publications.
6.0 Environmental laws, regulations, and policy
Federal Register - The Federal Register publishes proposed regulations,
final regulations, and other legal notices issued by federal agencies. These
notices can have legal effect and are published daily. The word search
capability and summary information about the daily Federal Register is
available on the WWW in many locations:
Federal Register Review - The Federal Register Review summarizes key
environmental notices in the Federal Register that may be of special
interest to DOD industrial facilities, particularly those facilities
involved in maintenance operations associated with metal services,
electronics, motor vehicles, aircraft, and shipbuilding and/or installation
restoration activities. The Federal Register Review is available on WWW at:
Environmental Regulation and Laws - The Rules, Regulations and Legislation
section offers access to the daily table of contents for the FEDERAL
REGISTER, selected FEDERAL REGISTER documents, and other Internet sites that
maintain electronic versions of the U.S. Code and the Code of Federal
Regulations. Access to electronic versions of the statutes around which the
U.S. EPA is organized, such as the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, etc., is
proposed but not available at this time. The main web site for this
Environmental Regulatory Work Products - Regulatory products help facility
managers and engineers define and understand the regulatory aspects of the
industrial environmental problems which they face on a daily basis. The
regulatory products come in four levels: Overviews, Abstracts, Fact Sheets,
and Industry Alerts.
Cornell University - Legal Information Institute: Contains on-line
references to environmental law materials and CFR search capability.
Internet Virtual Library - Environmental Law: An extensive library of
environmental law documents all in electronic format.
7.0 EPA and other federal agencies
ACCESS EPA: ACCESS EPA is a directory of U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and other public sector environmental information resources.
There is information for everyone interested in the environment: citizens,
consumers, householders; scientists; federal, state, local, and tribal
governments; businesspeople; students and researchers. Contact information
and a description of services is given for each information resource. Each
chapter begins with a brief introduction and table of contents. In some
instances, supplementary material is provided at the end of the chapter.
With the exception of Chapter 7, "State Environmental Libraries," each of
the chapters describes EPA information. Included after the eight chapters
of information contacts are the following reference tools: acronyms that
appear throughout ACCESS EPA; an index of Library and Information Services
by State; and a name/title/subject index.
ENVIROFACTS: ENVIROFACTS is a relational database that integrates data from
four major EPA program systems: RCRIS, TRIS, CERCLIS, and PCS. It contains
data, updated monthly, that is available under the Freedom of Information
Act (FOIA). No enforcement or budget sensitive information is contained in
ENVIRO$EN$E: Funded by the Environmental Protection Agency and the
Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Enviro$en$e allows
those implementing pollution prevention programs or developing research and
development projects to benefit from the experience, progress, and knowledge
of their peers. Enviro$en$e includes an interactive pollution prevention
forum, ASK EPA, for P2 questions for all groups; government, researchers,
industry, and public interest groups. Enviro$en$e also hosts an expert
knowledge-base known as the Solvent Umbrella which allows users to access
solvent alternative information through a single, easy-to-use command structure.
U.S. EPA: This is the EPA's main home page. Much of the information
currently available via the EPA's WWW server has been converted from the
original documents made available on the EPA Gopher Server. It contains
basic information about the EPA, press releases, EPA Journal, a calender of
events, etc. There are links to numerous sites of environmental information
including the various EPA programs.
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)--Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network
Offers hundreds of pages of information from the Office of Energy Efficiency
and Renewable Energy. This online library of resources offers news and
archives about conservation techniques and developments in the world of
energy technology. A search engine is provided.
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM):
This server supports EM's mission by providing information services to EM
HQ, field sites, regulatory agencies, the public, and other stakeholders.
Users can access services through menus, a full-text search, or by selecting
them directly from the infomap. Pollution prevention information can be
directly accessed: http://www.em.doe.gov/polprev.html
Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT): The Office of Industrial
Technologies (OIT) is part of the Department of Energy's Office of Energy
Efficiency and Renewable Energy. OIT creates partnerships among industry,
trade groups, Government agencies, and other organizations to research,
develop, and deliver advanced energy efficiency, renewable energy, and
pollution prevention technologies for industrial customers. By using
advanced technologies to save energy, companies lower costs, boost
productivity, and help prevent pollution.
U.S. Department of Commerce: The U.S. Department of Commerce is the most
versatile agency in government. Its broad range of responsibilities include
expanding U.S. exports, developing innovative technologies, gathering and
disseminating statistical data, measuring economic growth, granting patents,
promoting minority entrepreneurship, predicting the weather and monitoring
stewardship. As diverse as Commerce's services are, there is an overarching
mandate that unifies them: to work with the business community to foster
economic growth and the creation of new American jobs. Contains Information
and links to economic development, technology transfer, and technology