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[Fwd: Re: Polystyrene (better)]

>Date: Sat, 10 Jan 1998 21:54:56 +0200
>From: "Wilson W. Hatanaka" <wwhata@originet.com.br>
>To: Clarkjan@turi.org
>Subject: [Fwd: Re: Polystyrene (better)]
>Janet Clark
>                 -----------
>        My background is more than 10 years working with styrene and
>        Using either processes (batch or continuous).
>        My experience is either in the raw mat production(styrene)
,polymer production(polystyrene) and also in the recycling processing(scrap
>        Although I have no paper published I may be a useful   source of
informationin case you can forward me the right questions.
>        When you start to question about costs, it is good to know in
advance that this depends on production volume scale and also in the type
of process utilized(batch or continuous), as raw materials, mainly
additives changes totally.
>        There are several publications available about comparative costs,
technology available in the libraries (Monsanto Company is until recent
past a producer of  monomer and polymer and their library can be consulted
through the WEB).
>        End product or raw material cost can be obtained through a
magazine so-called De Witt, they tell you all about.  CEH Hand book is a
good source of technical/commercial information.  SRI(Stanford research
institute-Palo Alto)
>        Chem Systems is a very good source for many products inclusive the
one you are  looking for (technical-manufacturer-processes-and costs)
>        There are also some publishing multi client report available in
the market  showing analyzing and indicating best processes(forgot the name
of the 
>        publishing)
>                                   Wilson
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>Date: Fri, 09 Jan 1998 16:12:25 -0500
>To: p2tech@great-lakes.net
>From: Janet Clark <Clarkjan@turi.org>
>Subject: Re: Polystyrene (better)
>In-Reply-To: <86256586.006ECBC8.00@commerce.state.il.us>
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>At 09:36 AM 1/9/98 -0500, you wrote:
>>Staff in our recycling division are doing some research regarding
>>polystyrene.  Can anyone tell me the chemical makeup of polystyrene and the
>>cost per pound to produce?
>>Thanks for your help.
>According to the Chemical Economics Handdbook by SRI International, the
>styrene market price was between 56 and 64 cents a pound in 1994.  I don't
>know hoe to find out what it costs to make.   It is obtained through
>free-radical polymerization of the styrene monomer, and may have additives
>such as flame retardants, plasticizers and colorants.  The US produces 6.5
>billion pounds per year or 26% of the world's production. We recycle 12%
>compared to Germany at 40%. Incidentally, the styrene monomer is a suspect
>carcinogen, readily absorbed through the skin.  In high dosages it affects
>brain and liver function, causing death.  It is listed on SARA 313. 
>Janet Clark
>Technology Transfer Manager
>MA Toxics Use Reduction Institute
>University of Massachusetts
>One University Ave.
>Lowell, MA  01854-2866
>Tel 978-934-3346
>Fax 978-934-3050
>email clarkjan@turi.org
>TURI has a new web site at http://www.turi.org or http://turi.uml.edu
>Featured are projects, P2Gems http://www.turi.org/P2GEMS, the Surface
>Cleaning Lab http://cleaning.org, our publications list and more.