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building cleaning (and other) infomation -- conclusion?

Hi P2Tech-sters,

I thought I'd post what I was able to find out from my building cleaning,
etc., search.  The information is from all sorts of places - there doesn't
appear to be one magic bullet for this area.

Thanks to all for the input.



Pesticide Management for Buildings
Looking for information that would be useful for private companies, both
inside and outside of buildings.  This is more of an issue with insects
(ants, mites, etc.)
* Inside buildings, look at information/alternatives for controlling pests in 
* offices
* equipment
* Outside:  for the property grounds.
* Other:  Would really like some type of building manager's guide to
Integrated Pest Management for buildings.  Any resource that could be used
for this.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) seems to be the way everyone is going.
Some of the websites below give information on this, as well as addressing
the specific topics above.

* http://www.oag.state.ny.us/environment/hospital95.html
Report from the NY Attorney General's Office:  "Pest Management in New York
State Hospitals:  Risk Reduction and Health Promotion," Attorney General of
New York State, December 1995.
Provides a good overview of what hospitals use and recommendations on using
Integrated Pest Management for their facilities.  Started with a survey of
NY hospitals, and worked from there.  Note:  Hospitals have many different
kinds of areas/rooms to cover including kitchens and cafeterias, patient
rooms, and public areas and offices.  The variety of these areas are
similar to those found in many office buildings, and may provide more of a
correlation than might be apparent from a first glance.

* http://home.oag.state.ny.us/environment/pestrpt.html
Another report from the NY Attorney General's Office:  "Pest Management By
The Counties:  A Call For Change," Attorney General of New York State,
August 1997.
Another survey-started program, this time counties in NY.  Identification
of pesticides used and discussion of IPM under "Pest Control Policy."

* http://www.elp.gov.bc.ca/epd/epdpa/eripm/ipmhome.html
Integrated Pest Management site from British Columbia Ministry of
Environment, Lands & Parks, Environment & Resource Management.
Provides a good deal of information about IPM.

* http://www.massgrown.org/media/urbanipm.htm
October 1996 press release from the Massachusetts Department of Food and
Agriculture, "State Helps Building Managers Control Pests with Fewer
Notes use of IPM for building management.  Also indicates that a kit is

* http://www1.nature.nps.gov/wv/ipm/manual.htm
"The National Park Service Integrated Pest Management Manual."
Index to the manual is provided.  Has information about using IPM for many
different kinds of pests.  Appears to be geared mostly towards outdoor pests.

* http://www.ag.uiuc.edu/~ipmphc/home/planthm.html
Website "Plant Health Care & Integrated Pest Management," from the
Cooperative Extension Service, University of Illinois at Urban-Champaign
and the International Society of Arboriculture.
Focuses mainly on trees.  

* http://www.mda.state.md.us/plant/ipm.htm
Maryland Department of Agriculture - Integrated Pest Management.  Focus on
A bit of a stretch for overall building management IPM, but gives enough of
an outline that creating such a program would at least have a guide.

* http://www.ci.newton.ma.us/Exec/myripm.htm
Announcement that Newton, MA will implement a citywide IPM policy.
They may have a set policy of IPM specifically for building managers at
this point.

* http://ianrwww.unl.edu/ianr/pat/pestbkmk.htm#ipm
Extensive list of pesticide sites, in particular IPM, from the University
of Nebraska.
Many of these bookmarks/links may be a long shot, but they could be worth
checking out.

* http://www.orkin.com/commercial/
Vendor site.  IPM control company

Building Washing  
note:  not really anything found for this, at least for general building
* Information about how to do it with minimal/no environmental impact.
Outside of buildings.  Runoff from the cleaning
* how to minimize runoff; 

* how to lessen the impact of any runoff you may have.
* impact of chemicals
* on the building that is being washed
* on the grounds that the chemicals can end up in
* how possible alternatives work
* limitations of what can be accomplished through a management program
* any examples of cities, towns, municipalities, organizations that have
implemented a management program? 

Mostly interested in mechanisms for collection or control.  
* Are there jurisdictions/cities out there that require or recommend the
enclosure of the work surface when washing?  
* How and what do they require for control of runoff flows?

Use of Chemicals
Find out information/alternatives for
* Molybdenum in cooling towers
* HVAC cleaners
* white board cleaners
* paint-related products
All the little things that add up.
note:  not really anything specific for these, at least those providing
environmental information.  For example, there are a number of white board
cleaner sites, some of which note "natural" or "without harsh chemicals,"
but they provide no information whatsoever about what they are made of.
Some good guidelines/information is provided on the EPA website
http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/epp (discussed below). 

Cleaning Products
For both inside and outside the building.
Main area to look at are cleaning products/materials for office space.
Things like 
* disinfectants for bathrooms
* desk cleaners
* other cleaners that could be used.

* http://www.pprc.org/pprc/p24u.html#clean
Although this is part of our website geared toward the individual, there
may be some applications from here (housecleaning) that could be applied to
building cleaning practices - especially some of the alternative cleaners
listed.  Additionally, some information may be gleaned from the "multiple
topics" part of this page (http://www.pprc.org/pprc/p24u.html#multiple).

* http://www.houseoffice.com/
Vendor site.  Sells equipment that cleans buildings without the use of any
chemicals - steam cleaning techniques.  
Looks to be geared a bit more towards home use.  

Other Building Management Topics
Indoor air quality
* http://www.epa.gov/iedweb00/base/index.html
"Sources of Information on Indoor Air Quality".  Good information about
Indoor Air Quality, from EPA.  Information provided:
* Building Assessment Survey and Evaluation (BASE) Study.  An assessment by
EPA's Office of Radiation and Indoor Air.  It is a cross-sectional study of
at least 100 buildings.
* Building Air Quality: A Guide for Building Owners and Facility Managers
(BAQ Guide).  "The Building Air Quality, developed by the EPA and the
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, provides practical
suggestions on preventing, identifying, and resolving indoor air quality
(IAQ) problems in public and commercial buildings."  Appears to have a good
amount of information.  Available in adobe acrobat files.
* BAQ Action Plan.  A companion piece to the BAQ Guide.
* An Office Building Occupant's Guide to Indoor Air Quality.  "This guide
is intended to help people who work in office buildings learn about the
roles of building managers and occupants in maintaining good indoor air
quality. Office of Air and Radiation (OAR), Indoor Environments Division
(6604J), EPA-402-K-97-003, October 1997."
* Do You Suspect Your Office Has an Indoor Air Problem?  Provides an
overview of those things that can indoor air quality problems.

* http://www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/insidest.html#Suspect
The Inside Story:  A Guide to Indoor Air Quality."  United States
Environmental Protection Agency and the United States Consumer Product
Safety Commission, Office of Radiation and Indoor Air (6604J) EPA Document
# 402-K-93-007, April 1995.
Focuses mainly on the home, but there is information for the office.
Fairly extensive list of resources available. 

* http://www.lungusa.org/air/envindoorpro.html
Website from the American Lung Association, "Indoor Pollution In The
Office."  Addresses issues in a FAQ-like format.  

Energy Star
* http://www.lbselbse.org/
Website for EPA's Energy Star for Buildings.

* http://www.epa.gov/buildings/ESB_Home.html
Website for EPA's Energy Star for Buildings and Green Lights Partnership.

Energy reduction
* http://www.epa.gov/oaintrnt/intrnlp2/p2/p2part4.htm
Website for EPA's EPA's Pollution Prevention Program.  Provides some
information about what they have done to reduce energy use in EPA buildings.  

* http://www.eren.doe.gov/buildings/
DOE Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs.  Has case
studies for energy efficiency.  Commercial building owners/operators are
addressed specifically at http://www.eren.doe.gov/buildings/commercial.html.

P2Tech responses (from question posed on listserve):
* Lin Hill, NH.  Called 8/11/99 about P2Tech posting.  Suggested looking up
Arm & Hammer for their commercial building washing capabilities.
	Found http://www.armex.com/appli.htm.  This is the site for ARMEX Cleaning
and Coating Removal Systems.  Could be helpful for cleaning outside of
buildings.  Doesn't address containment issues, but does note the low
environmental impact of the cleaning agent itself.  On the about page:
ARMEX (r) Cleaning and Coating Removal Systems represent a unique
combination of baking-soda based soluble abrasives and special delivery
equipment engineered for soft abrasive blasting.

* From NC database (http://www.p2pays.org/wrrc/):
Call Number:  P 00441 
Full Work's Title:  Proceedings of the Workshop on Extended Product
Full Work's Author(s):  Eastern Research Group
Date Published:  February 1997
Extent Of Work:  182 pages
Abstract:  Contains two brief preambles on the evolution of Extended
Product Responsibility (EPR) and its drivers and obstacles. Case studies
include forest products, automobiles, telecommunications, plastics,
building and cleaning maintenance, battery and carpeting industries.

Call Number: http://www.p2pays.org/ref/01/00535.pdf 
Full Work's Title:  Painting and Building Maintenance
Full Work's Author(s): Office of Environmental Affairs, US Department of
the Interior
Extent Of Work: 6 pages
Abstract:  This fact sheet presents pollution prevention and recycling
options for painting and building maintenance operations.  Well-suited for
county government and other maintenance departments.  A question and answer
checklist is provided.
Pretty preliminary stuff - how to start looking at your building for P2.

* John Katz, EPA Region 9 (Katz.John@epamail.epa.gov)
Check out the Janitorial Pollution Prevention Project page on the Western
Regional P2 Network web site - http://www.westP2net.org/Janitorial/jp4.htm.
 While it is still under construction (the project is still underway) it
contains a number of draft fact sheets and great links for information in
the "Commentaries" section.  The project manager, Tom Barron, is also a
great resource.
There is quite a bit of information on the site that should be helpful.

* Ruth Heikkinen, EPA HQ
Environmentally-preferable purchasing pilot projects on janitorial services
and products can be found on our website (http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/epp).
1.  The Cleaning Products "wizard" -- a tool for identifying relevant
environmental attributes of cleaning products and vendors (through GSA)
that can provide products meeting the thresholds of those attributes
2.  The Santa Monica, CA experience with cleaning products -- a case study
describing this is on our website
Note:  quite a bit of good information in the pilot projects page
(http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/epp/pilotprojects.html), although it does
appear to deal with purchasing rather than explicitly identifying specific
alternatives for building issues. 

* http://www.metrokc.gov/market/map/index.htm
Information about recycled-content buildings, paint products, ceiling
tiles, gypsum, flooring, etc.  
A big stretch, but there may be some information in here that is useful.

* http://www.ebuild.com/
Website for the Environmental Building News "the leading newspaper on
environmentally responsible design and construction."
Information on all sorts of things; may be more useful for construction end
of things.

* http://www.environment.gov.au/epg/environet/eecp/case_studies/scs.htm
Australian case study, "Water Jet Floor Cleaning and Effluent Recycling
System."  Synopsis:  "SCS Specialised Services Pty Ltd has developed a
method of cleaning industrial concrete floors which recycles the wash water
(the Recovery Jet system). On average, this has resulted in an 85 per cent
reduction in the quantity of effluent generated."
FYI - what options are available for this type of cleaning.

Catherine M. Dickerson
Technical Lead
Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
1326 Fifth Avenue, Suite 650
Seattle, WA 98101
Phone:  206-223-1151
Fax:  206-223-1165
email:  cdickerson@pprc.org
Check out our website:  http://www.pprc.org