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Goal of UWM habitat study is to help restore fisheries in river
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (6/25)
Led by University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee's School of Freshwater Sciences, a habitat study's goal is to identify habitat that supports estuary fish and recommend strategies to protect, encourage and connect these habitats in harbor revitalization and habitat restoration plans.

Funding milestone reached for Aquatic Research Lab expansion
The Sault Ste. Marie Evening News (6/13)
Both houses of Michiganís legislature have approved nearly $9 million in funding for an expansion of Lake Superior State Universityís successful Aquatic Research Lab (ARL).

Students dive, document Sheboygan shipwreck
Sheboygan Press (6/13)
A team of budding nautical archaeologists from East Carolina University dove below the waves of Lake Michigan to discover what treasures lay hidden on the sandy bottom.

Island living and working at Thousand Islands Biological Station in Clayton
The Syracuse Post-Standard (6/8)
Many apply, but few are chosen for the limited number of scientific research positions each year at the Thousand Islands Biological Station (TIBS). The SUNY ESF research facility is located on Governor's Island in the St. Lawrence River in Clayton, NY.

Gems emerge in eel study
The Cornwall Standard Freeholder (5/31)
In Ontario, an ongoing study of American eel habitat on the St. Lawrence River has a preeminent biology professor and masters student charting some uncharted waters in fisheries research.

Lake Superior State celebrating 30 years of salmon releases
The Associated Press (5/29)
In Michigan, the Aquatic Research Laboratory at Lake Superior State University is celebrating three decades of raising and releasing Atlantic salmon in the St. Marys River.

TEACH Calendar of Events
What's going on in your neighborhood this month? Meet other people and learn together at recreational and educational events! Our new dynamic calendar is updated daily with current educational events.
Urban Sprawl in the Great Lakes

table of contents
Introduction
The Causes of Sprawl
The Effects of Sprawl
Some Solutions to Sprawl
More Information

Know sprawl when you see it!Perhaps you've noticed your community is getting a little bigger. Road construction seems to be everywhere and traffic is more heavy than it used to be; new strip malls and "big box" stores are popping up; and land on the outskirts of your town is being cleared for new housing subdivisions. Your community could be experiencing urban sprawl, an issue that has affected cities and towns across the country as well as the Great Lakes region.

Urban sprawl can be generally defined as wide-spread, low-density development that consists primarily of strip commercial developments, such as malls and large office buildings, and housing subdivisions connected by new, wide roads and boulevards. The subdivisions are set apart from other development and built within a specific price range, and people are dependant on their cars to get them from one place to another. With sprawl, fewer people occupy more land and as the people spread out, so do the buildings, roads and houses. Urban sprawl is difficult to define but people usually know it when they see it. The following maps describe what an urban sprawl suburb might look like (left) compared to the land use plan of a town that avoids sprawl (right).

Sprawl    Anti-sprawl
Maps by Gail Dennis, Michigan Land Use Institute
Source: "The Next American Metropolis," by Peter Calthorpe.

The Great Lakes region is losing its rich farmland and other greenfields to urban sprawl at an alarming rate, and the environment and the residents are paying the price. Many cities of the Great Lakes region, such as Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, are seeing their businesses and residents move to the suburbs, forever destroying open spaces and leaving behind cities of abandoned buildings with fewer tax payers.

Graphics: Urban sprawl layout (left) compared to an anti-sprawl urban design (right)

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